Abstract

Dimming control is of vital importance for visible light communication (VLC) systems. Conventional dimmable transmission schemes based on compensation are spectrally inefficient. In this paper, we propose the use of two techniques, i.e., time-sharing and superposition, to construct spectral-efficient dimmable transmission schemes. For VLC systems with on–off keying (OOK) signaling, we present a general framework to construct dimmable transmission scheme by time-sharing among different dimming control codes. Arbitrary dimming target is achieved by adjusting the proportion of each dimming control code. We, then, give a practical construction of dimming control codes with semi-constant weight codes. We obtain optimal proportions of the semi-constant weight codes, which maximize the asymptotic spectral efficiency using linear programming. We also compute achievable rates of the proposed scheme under different dimming targets and different signal-intensity-to-noise-amplitude ratios. To achieve higher spectral efficiency ( $>$ 1.0 (b/s)/Hz), we present a dimmable multilevel transmission scheme based on superposition. In the proposed scheme, the first $\ell$ $-1$ levels adopt traditional OOK modulation, whereas the $\ell$ th level adopts the dimmable transmission scheme for OOK modulation. The transmitted signal is formed by superimposing modulated signals of the $\ell$ levels. Analysis shows that the proposed scheme achieves a higher spectral efficiency than the state-of-the-art schemes. Hence, it provides an attractive candidate for dimmable VLC systems with demanding spectral efficiency.

© 2017 IEEE

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