Abstract

We propose an all-fiber bandpass filter using a combination of a graded-index few-mode fiber (GI-FMF) and a step-index few-mode fiber (SI-FMF), in which distinct long-period fiber gratings (LPFGs) are formed. The first LPFG in the GI-FMF performs the mode conversion of the ${\rm{L}}{{\rm{P}}_{01}}$ mode to the ${\rm{L}}{{\rm{P}}_{11}}$ mode over broad wavelength range. The second LPFG in the SI-FMF reversely converts the ${\rm{L}}{{\rm{P}}_{11}}$ mode to the ${\rm{L}}{{\rm{P}}_{01}}$ mode at the specific resonance wavelength. Such a sequence of mode transition yields a single passband in the transmission spectrum. Though the tunable periodicity is not crucial to the first LPFG, it is beneficial to the second LPFG for changing the passband wavelength.

© 2016 IEEE

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