Abstract

We thoroughly analyze the requirements on the signal and idler state of polarizations (SOPs) for achieving maximum amplification in phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs). These requirements are described using a Jones-space description as well as a Stokes-space description. Our analysis includes the cases of polarization-diverse and vector PSAs, and in each type of PSA, we also consider the signal-degenerate and the non-degenerate schemes. We observe that the relation between the signal and idler SOPs to achieve maximum phase-sensitive (PS) amplification can be described similarly in polarization-diverse and in vector PSAs. Moreover, both types of PSAs are polarization-dependent, which means that PSAs do require polarization-tracking schemes when being implemented in a realistic optical-transmission scenario. We therefore evaluate how polarization tracking of the signal and the idler SOPs can overcome the theoretical polarization dependence of both polarization-diverse and vector PSAs. We find that only one polarization tracker for either the signal or idler SOP is necessary for achieving polarization-independent PS amplification when considering the general case of dual-polarization (DP) modulated signals. This polarization tracker requires the control of three degrees of freedom which describe a general polarization rotation. For single-polarization (SP) modulated signals, the polarization tracker can rotate both the signal and the idler SOPs simultaneously which eliminates the need for splitting the signal and the idler before the PSA. Moreover, only two degrees of freedom for the polarization tracker are necessary in this case. When considering degenerate schemes, a polarization tracker with two degrees of freedom is sufficient to achieve maximum PS amplification of DP binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) signals in both vector and polarization diverse PSAs. For the case of SP-BPSK signals, a polarization-diverse PSA can perform polarization-independent amplification by controlling the relative phase between the pumps, whereas a polarization tracker with only one degree of freedom is necessary in the case of vector PSAs.

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  1. C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 26, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.
  2. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.
  3. B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.
  4. S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.
  5. S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul (3465 km) transmission of a 10 GBd QPSK signal with low noise phase-sensitive in-line amplification,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper PD.2.2.
  6. T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.
  7. J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.
  8. T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.
  9. A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.
  10. A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.
  11. M. E. Marhic, “Polarization independence and phase-sensitive parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2685–2689, 2011.
  12. K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.
  13. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.
  14. T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 947–949, 1993.
  15. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (series Optics and Photonics), 5th ed. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, Ch. 10, 2013.
  16. K. Inoue, “Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies,” J. Lightw. Technol, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1916–1920, 1994.
  17. A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.
  18. A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.
  19. R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.
  20. S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.
  21. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

2015 (2)

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

2014 (2)

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

2013 (2)

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

2011 (2)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

M. E. Marhic, “Polarization independence and phase-sensitive parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2685–2689, 2011.

2010 (1)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

2006 (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

2005 (1)

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

2002 (1)

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.

1994 (1)

K. Inoue, “Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies,” J. Lightw. Technol, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1916–1920, 1994.

1993 (1)

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 947–949, 1993.

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 26, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (series Optics and Photonics), 5th ed. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, Ch. 10, 2013.

Akasaka, Y.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Andrekson, P. A.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.

S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul (3465 km) transmission of a 10 GBd QPSK signal with low noise phase-sensitive in-line amplification,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper PD.2.2.

Asobe, M.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 26, pp. 1817–1839, 1982.

Chiarello, F.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.

Chitgarha, M. R.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Corcoran, B.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Devgan, P. S.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Ellis, A. D.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Enbutsu, K.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

Eriksson, T. A.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.

Gorman, J. O.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Grigoryan, V.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 947–949, 1993.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies,” J. Lightw. Technol, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1916–1920, 1994.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 947–949, 1993.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Kalogerakis, G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

Karlsson, M.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.

S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul (3465 km) transmission of a 10 GBd QPSK signal with low noise phase-sensitive in-line amplification,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper PD.2.2.

Kazama, T.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.

Khaleghi, S.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Kumar, P.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Kumpera, A.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

Lasri, J.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Liu, L.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

Lorences-Riesgo, A.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.

Lundström, C.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 21889–21902, 2014.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, T. A. Eriksson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification of 28 Gbaud DP-QPSK signal,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2013, Paper W4C.4.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.1.4.3.

S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul (3465 km) transmission of a 10 GBd QPSK signal with low noise phase-sensitive in-line amplification,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper PD.2.2.

Malik, R.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, “Polarization independence and phase-sensitive parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2685–2689, 2011.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 519–520, 2006.

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Miyamoto, Y.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

Oda, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 947–949, 1993.

Olsson, S. L. I.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, T. A. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified transmission links for improved sensitivity and nonlinearity tolerance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 710–721, 2015.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-haul (3465 km) transmission of a 10 GBd QPSK signal with low noise phase-sensitive in-line amplification,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper PD.2.2.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper PDP5A.4.

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Radic, S.

A. Lorences-Riesgo, L. Liu, S. L. I. Olsson, R. Malik, A. Kumpera, C. Lundström, S. Radic, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Quadrature demultiplexing using a degenerate vector parametric amplifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 24, pp. 29424–29434, 2014.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Sekiya, M.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Sygletos, S.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Tadanaga, O.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

Takara, H.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

Takenouchi, H.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

Tang, R.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Tong, Z.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 14512–14529, 2013.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nature Photon., vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 430–436, 2011.

Touch, J.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Uesaka, K.

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.

Umeki, T.

T. Umeki, T. Kazama, O. Tadanaga, K. Enbutsu, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “PDM signal amplification using PPLN-based polarization-independent phase-sensitive amplifier,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1326–1332, 2015.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “Multi-span transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 18 170–18 177, 2013.

Vasilyev, M.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10483–10493, 2005.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O. Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nature Photon., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 690–695, 2010.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1506–1508, 2002.

Yang, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Ziyadi, M.

J.-Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” presented at the European Conf. Exhibition Optical Communication, London, U.K., Sep. 2013, Paper P.3.9.

Electron. Lett. (1)

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