Abstract

We present the design of a bias-free uni-travelling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD) that is operational above 110 GHz, and its application to 100-GBd fixed-fiber communication and 109-GHz carrier-photonic wireless communication for advanced optical networks. The design and analysis for bias-free operation were explained in detail using the carrier concentration in the photo-absorption layer and carrier collector layer. In the experimental results, the developed UTC-PD with back-illuminated structure exhibited a wide 3-dB bandwidth of over 110 GHz at 0 V. For fixed-fiber communications, a high-baud-rate photoreceiver based on the UTC-PD was fabricated. Eye diagrams showed clear openings at up to 107 GBd and high photo-currents of 3–7 mA at 100 GHz signal light were observed at zero-bias. Assuming photonic wireless communication using photonic power supply through optical fiber, the developed UTC-PD contributed to reducing bias feeds to the photoreceiver module. Additionally, low power consumption was achieved when using the newly developed 110 GHz InP-PHEMT amplifier with the UTC-PD.

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  23. H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.
  24. J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.
  25. H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.
  26. H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.
  27. T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.
  28. T. J. Maloney and J. Frey, “Transient and steady-state electron transport properties of GaAs and InP,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 781–787, 1977.
  29. T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.
  30. T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.
  31. T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

2014 (1)

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

2011 (1)

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

2009 (1)

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

2007 (3)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

M. Shishikuraet al., “1.3 μm 10 Gbit/s/channel parallel transmitter and receiver modules,” (in Japanese), IEIEC Trans. C, vol. J90-C, no. 11, pp. 757–766, 2007.

2004 (1)

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

2001 (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.

2000 (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

1994 (1)

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

1992 (1)

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

1977 (1)

T. J. Maloney and J. Frey, “Transient and steady-state electron transport properties of GaAs and InP,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 781–787, 1977.

Ajito, K.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Akahane, K.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

Angkaew, T.

T. Umezawa, T. Angkaew, and T. Kawanishi, “Data rate penalty for high-density photonic integrated circuits in advanced modulation formats,” presented at the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sapporo, Japan, Oct. 2014, Paper TuEB-12.

Awaji, Y.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Bach, H.-G.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

H.-G. Bach, “Ultra-broadband photodiodes and balanced detectors towards 100Gbit/sec and beyond,” in Proc. SPIE, 2005, vol. 6014, pp. 60140B .1–60140B.13.

Beling, A.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

Bigo, S.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

Buhl, L. L.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, “10 × 112 Gbps PDM 16-QAM transmission over 630 km of fiber with 6.2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, vol. 8, Paper PDPB.

Campbell, J. C.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Chyi, J.-I.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Daly, A.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Dat, P. T.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

Demiguel, S.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Doany, F. R.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Doerr, C. R.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, “10 × 112 Gbps PDM 16-QAM transmission over 630 km of fiber with 6.2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, vol. 8, Paper PDPB.

Dupuy, J-Y.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Duval, B.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

Freude, W.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Frey, J.

T. J. Maloney and J. Frey, “Transient and steady-state electron transport properties of GaAs and InP,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 781–787, 1977.

Fujita, T.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

Furuta, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

Ghaziesaeidi, A.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, “10 × 112 Gbps PDM 16-QAM transmission over 630 km of fiber with 6.2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, vol. 8, Paper PDPB.

Gonzalez Sanchez, T.

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

Gutierrez Conde, P. M.

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

Hao, X.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Harako, K.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

Hartmann, W.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Hirooka, T.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

Hsu, T. C.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, “Lightning protection of microwave radio equipment using radio-on-fiber and power over fiber,” presented in the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sendai, Japan, 2014, pp. 185–188, Paper MWP/APMP.

Imamura, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Inaba, H.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Inagaki, K.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

Ishibashi, T.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

Itaya, Y.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

Ito, H.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

Ito, T.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

Jagadish, C.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Jen, A. K-Y.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Jenneve, P.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Jian, W.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Jifang, Q.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Jintong, L.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Jinzhong, Y.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Joel, A.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Jorge, F.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Kanno, A.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

Kasai, K.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

Kashima, K.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

Kawanishi, T.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

T. Umezawa, T. Angkaew, and T. Kawanishi, “Data rate penalty for high-density photonic integrated circuits in advanced modulation formats,” presented at the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sapporo, Japan, Oct. 2014, Paper TuEB-12.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

Klaus, W.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Kobayashi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Kodama, S.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

Kogel, B.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Konczykowska, A.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Koos, C.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Kozen, A.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

Kuchta, D. M.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Kukutsu, N.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Kun, X.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Kunkel, R.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

Kuo, F. M.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Kutuvantavida, Y.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Lauermann, M.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Li, N.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Li, X.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Lingjuan, Z.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Luo, J.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Maloney, T. J.

T. J. Maloney and J. Frey, “Transient and steady-state electron transport properties of GaAs and InP,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 781–787, 1977.

Mardoyan, H.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Mattingley, M.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Mekonnen, G. G.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

Mestre, M. A.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Mukasa, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Muramoto, Y.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

Muratomo, Y.

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

Nagatsuma, T.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Nakazawa, M.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

Neumery, C.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Ortsiefer, M.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Otuya, D. O.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

Pardo, D.

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

Puttnam, B. J.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

Raybon, G.

G. Raybon, “High symbol rate transmission systems for data rates from 400 Gb/s to 1 Tb/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, vol. 1, 2015, Paper M3G.

Renaudier, J.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Rios-Muller, R.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

Rosskopf, J.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Schares, L.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

Schmidt, D.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

Shi, J.-W.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Shimizu, N.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Shishikura, M.

M. Shishikuraet al., “1.3 μm 10 Gbit/s/channel parallel transmitter and receiver modules,” (in Japanese), IEIEC Trans. C, vol. J90-C, no. 11, pp. 757–766, 2007.

Song1, H.-J.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Sugizaki, R.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Tan, H. H.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Tao, C.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Tuptim, A.

A. Tuptimet al., “Crosstalk reduction for large scale photonic integrated circuits,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, 2014, Paper TuEB-9.

Umezawa, T.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

T. Umezawa, T. Angkaew, and T. Kawanishi, “Data rate penalty for high-density photonic integrated circuits in advanced modulation formats,” presented at the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sapporo, Japan, Oct. 2014, Paper TuEB-12.

Velazquez Perez, J. E.

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

Wada, N.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Watanabe, M.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

Wei, W.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Winzer, P. J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, “10 × 112 Gbps PDM 16-QAM transmission over 630 km of fiber with 6.2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, vol. 8, Paper PDPB.

Wolf, S.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Xi, X.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Xiaoyao, L.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Yaita, M.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

Yamamoto, N.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

Yang, Y. J.

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

Yuanbing, C.

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Yude, Y.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

Zheng, X.

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

Zwickel, H.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, and T. Ishibashi, “Zero bias high-speed and high-output-voltage operation of casecade-twin initravelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2034–2036, 23, 2000.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–51, 2007.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

X. Li, N. Li, S. Demiguel, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “A partially depleted absorber photodiode with graded doping injection regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2326–2328, 2004.

K. Kato, A. Kozen, Y. Muramoto, Y. Itaya, T. Nagatsuma, and M. Yaita, “110 GHz, 50% efficiency mushroom-mesa waveguide p-i-n photodiode for 1.55 μm wavelength,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 719–721, 1994.

IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J.-W. Shi, F. M. Kuo, T. C. Hsu, Y. J. Yang, A. Joel, M. Mattingley, and J.-I. Chyi, “The monolithic integtaion of GaAs-AlGaAs-based uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes with Zn diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with extremely high data rate/poewer consumption ratios,” IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1444–1446, 1, 2009.

IEICE Trans. Electron (1)

H. Ito, T. Ito, Y. Muratomo, T. Fujita, and T. Ishibashi, “F-band (90–140 GHz) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode module for a photonic local oscillator,” IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E90-C, no. 2, pp. 318–327, 2007.

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi,” High-speed and high-output unitravelling-carrier photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 10, pp. 1448–1454, 2001.

IEIEC Trans. C (1)

M. Shishikuraet al., “1.3 μm 10 Gbit/s/channel parallel transmitter and receiver modules,” (in Japanese), IEIEC Trans. C, vol. J90-C, no. 11, pp. 757–766, 2007.

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P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, and T. Kawanishi, “High-capacity wireless backhaul network using seamless convergence of radio-over-fiber and 90-GHz millimeter-wave,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3910–3923, 15, 2014.

J. Semicond. (1)

Y. Chen, C. Yuanbing, W. Jian, X. Kun, Q. Jifang, Z. Lingjuan, W. Wei, and L. Jintong, “Design and optimization of evanescently coupled waveguide photodiodes,” J. Semicond., vol. 32, no. 10, 2011, Art no. .

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. Gonzalez Sanchez, J. E. Velazquez Perez, P. M. Gutierrez Conde, and D. Pardo, “Electron transport in InP under high electric field conditions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 1992.

Other (19)

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Bias free operational 107-Gbaud ultra-fast photodetector,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, Paper P2.4.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, K. Kashima, and T. Kawanishi, “High conversion gain, low power consumption W-band photoreceiver integrated with UTC-PD and InP-PHEMT amplifier,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Paphos, Cyprus, 2015, Paper TuC-3.

T. Umezawa, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, K. Inagaki, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi,” Zero-bias operational ultra-broadband UTC-PD above 110 GHz for high symbol rate PD-array in high-density photonic integration,” Presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conf. Exhibition, 2015, Paper M3C.7.

H.-G. Bach, “Ultra-broadband photodiodes and balanced detectors towards 100Gbit/sec and beyond,” in Proc. SPIE, 2005, vol. 6014, pp. 60140B .1–60140B.13.

K. Ikeda, “Lightning protection of microwave radio equipment using radio-on-fiber and power over fiber,” presented in the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sendai, Japan, 2014, pp. 185–188, Paper MWP/APMP.

H.-J. Song1, K. Ajito, N. Shimizu, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies terahertz wave applications using photonic technologies,” presented at the General Assembly Scientific Symp., Istanbul, Turkey, 2011.

Federal Communications Commission Office of Engineering and Technology, “Millimeter Wave Propagation: Spectrum Management Implications”. (1997). [Online]. Available: https://transition.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Engineering_Technology/Documents/bulletins/oet70/oet70a.pdf

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, “10 × 112 Gbps PDM 16-QAM transmission over 630 km of fiber with 6.2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, vol. 8, Paper PDPB.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, Paper PDPB10.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19 × 100 × 172-Gbps SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tbps,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, vol. 1, 2012, Paper PDP5C.

C. Tao, X. Xi, X. Hao, L. Xiaoyao, Y. Jinzhong, and Y. Yude, “High-speed silicon modulators,” presented at the Tech. Dig., London, 2013, Paper We.3.B.4 ECOC.

M. A. Mestre, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, R. Rios-Muller, J. Renaudier, F. Jorge, B. Duval, J-Y. Dupuy, A. Ghaziesaeidi, P. Jenneve, and S. Bigo, “Direct detection transceiver at 150 Gbit/s net data rate using PAM 8 for optical interconnects,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 2.4.

G. Raybon, “High symbol rate transmission systems for data rates from 400 Gb/s to 1 Tb/s,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, vol. 1, 2015, Paper M3G.

D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2015, vol. 2, Paper M3G.

D. M. Kuchta, F. R. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumery, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.3.

W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. Luo, A. K-Y. Jen, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “100 Gbit/s OOK using a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) modulator,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, 2015, vol. 1.4.

The home of the CFP multi- source agreement, “CFP MSA 100G Roadmap and Applications”. (2010). [Online]. Available: http://www.cfp-msa.org/Documents/CFP_MSA_roadmap.pdf

T. Umezawa, T. Angkaew, and T. Kawanishi, “Data rate penalty for high-density photonic integrated circuits in advanced modulation formats,” presented at the 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Sapporo, Japan, Oct. 2014, Paper TuEB-12.

A. Tuptimet al., “Crosstalk reduction for large scale photonic integrated circuits,” presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, 2014, Paper TuEB-9.

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