Abstract

At lower frequency regime, altering the surface structure modifies the characteristics of propagating effective surface plasmons (ESPs), particularly their interaction with light. Movement of an electron beam in the proximity of the surface of a structured metallic grating excite these ESPs, which due to existence of a velocity phase match, they are able to emit terahertz (THz) waves known as Smith–Purcell (SP) radiation. By introducing a femtosecond perturbation (a single electron bunch), the important characteristics of a desired grating are revealed. Through our 3-D investigations, we find the incoherent THz radiation frequency span, and moreover we confirm that the frequency of the ESP is always less than the minimum SP frequency. Additionally, we find that the maximum of signal amplitude is distributed around 90°, only if the grating width is comparable to the longest SP wavelength. Also we learned that by increasing the grating length, the magnitude and spectral resolution of the radiation increases too. In order to study the coherent (superradiant) radiation, we use a train of electron bunches with variable bunch-to-bunch distances, and we calculate the radiation angle of the coherent SP signal. Simulations on the generation of SP radiation at THz frequencies are performed with the help of the 3-D particle-in-cell (PIC) finite integral (FI) method, in which the results agree very well with previously reported 2-D simulations.

© 2015 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription