Abstract

We present a phase mask inscription technique with two beam interferometry using a lateral nonhomogeneous beam splitter to create gratings with nonhomogeneous periods, the so-called chirped fiber Bragg gratings. Inscription experiments with deep ultraviolet excimer and femtosecond laser sources reveal how this inscription method depends on the coherence properties of the inscription laser. Nonhomogeneous beam splitters are shown to provide a method to generate chirped fiber Bragg gratings with great wavelength versatility, even with the ultraviolet femtosecond laser.

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  38. A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.
  39. C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Stepped-wavelength optical-fiber Bragg grating arrays fabricated in line on a draw tower,” Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 147–149, 1994.
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  42. C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.
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  47. P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.
  48. T. A. Nguty and R. J. Potton, “Photochemical changes in hydrogen-loaded optical fibres with application to Bragg grating formation,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, p. 1055–1058, 1997.
  49. I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.
  50. M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

2014 (2)

A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

2013 (1)

M. Melo and P. V. S. Marques, “Fabrication of tailored Bragg gratings by the phase mask dithering/moving technique,” Photon. Sensors, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 81–96, 2013.

2012 (2)

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

2011 (2)

C. Voigtländer, R. G. Becker, J. Thomas, D. Richter, A. Singh, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort pulse inscription of tailored fiber Bragg gratings with a phase mask and a deformed wavefront,” Opt. Mater. Exp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 2011.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

2010 (1)

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

2009 (2)

M. Bernier, Y. Sheng, and R. Vallée, “Ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings written with a highly chirped phase mask and infrared femtosecond pulses.” Opt Exp., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3285–3290, 2009.

C. Voigtländer, J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, P. Dannberg, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Chirped fiber Bragg gratings written with ultrashort pulses and a tunable phase mask,” Opt. Lett., vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1888–1890, 2009.

2008 (3)

J. Thomas, C. Voigtländer, D. Schimpf, F. Stutzki, E. Wikszak, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuously chirped fiber Bragg gratings by femtosecond laser structuring,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 14, pp. 1560–1562, 2008.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

2005 (2)

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, “An elliptical Talbot interferometer for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 76, pp. 066101-1–066101-3, 2005.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

I. Petermann, B. Sahlgren, S. Helmfrid, A. T. Friberg, and P.-Y. Fonjallaz, “Fabrication of advanced fiber Bragg gratings by use of sequential writing with a continuous-wave ultraviolet laser source,” Appl. Opt., vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1051–1056, 2002.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

2000 (1)

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

1998 (2)

D. D. Garchev, M. Vasiliev, and D. J. Booth, “Wavelength-tunable chirped in-fiber Bragg gratings produced with a prism interferometer,” Opt. Commun., vol. 147, nos. 4–6, pp. 254–258, 1998.

R. Kashyap, “Assessment of tuning the wavelength of chirped and unchirped fibre Bragg grating with single phase-masks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 21, pp. 2025–2027, 1998.

1997 (3)

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

T. A. Nguty and R. J. Potton, “Photochemical changes in hydrogen-loaded optical fibres with application to Bragg grating formation,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, p. 1055–1058, 1997.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

1996 (4)

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 296–313, 1996.

M. L. Dockney, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Fibre Bragg gratings fabricated using a wavelength tuneable laser source and a phase mask based interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 445–448, 1996.

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 34, pp. 6781–6787, 1996.

1995 (3)

Y. Painchaud, A. Chandonnet, and J. Lauzon, “Chirped fibre gratings produced by tilting the fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 1995.

K. Byron and H. Rourke, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings by novel stretch and write technique,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60–61, 1995.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

1994 (5)

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Stepped-wavelength optical-fiber Bragg grating arrays fabricated in line on a draw tower,” Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 147–149, 1994.

1993 (5)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

P. J. Russell, J. L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, “Fiber gratings,” Phys. World, pp. 41–48, 1993.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

1992 (1)

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, and D. C. J. Reid, “Broadband chirped fibre Bragg filters for pump rejection and recycling in erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 487–489, 1992.

1987 (1)

Albanis, V.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Andrekson, P. A.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Archambault, J. L.

P. J. Russell, J. L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, “Fiber gratings,” Phys. World, pp. 41–48, 1993.

Armes, D.

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

Askins, C. G.

Asseh, A.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

Barcelos, S.

Bartelt, H.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Baxter, G. W.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Bayon, J.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Becker, M.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Becker, R. G.

C. Voigtländer, R. G. Becker, J. Thomas, D. Richter, A. Singh, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort pulse inscription of tailored fiber Bragg gratings with a phase mask and a deformed wavefront,” Opt. Mater. Exp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 2011.

Bennion, I.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

Bergmann, J.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Bernage, P.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Bernier, M.

M. Bernier, Y. Sheng, and R. Vallée, “Ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings written with a highly chirped phase mask and infrared femtosecond pulses.” Opt Exp., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3285–3290, 2009.

Bojor, L.

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

Booth, D. J.

D. D. Garchev, M. Vasiliev, and D. J. Booth, “Wavelength-tunable chirped in-fiber Bragg gratings produced with a prism interferometer,” Opt. Commun., vol. 147, nos. 4–6, pp. 254–258, 1998.

Bricheno, T.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

Brinkmeyer, E.

C. Knothe and E. Brinkmeyer, “Reset-free phase shifter in a Sagnac-type interferometer for control of chirp and apodization of Bragg gratings,” presented at the Conf. Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity Poling Glass Waveguides, Monterey, CA, USA, 2003, p. TuB3.

E. Brinkmeyer, Optische Kommunikationstechnik (german). Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2002, ch. 12.9, pp. 428–441.

Brochu, G.

F. Trepanier, G. Brochu, M. Morin, and A. Mailloux, “High-end FBG design and manufacturing for industrial lasers, sensing and telecommunications,” presented at the Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Barcelona, Spain, 2014, p. BM4D.1.

Brückner, S.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Byron, K.

K. Byron and H. Rourke, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings by novel stretch and write technique,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60–61, 1995.

Byron, K. C.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

Campbell, R.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

Chandonnet, A.

Y. Painchaud, A. Chandonnet, and J. Lauzon, “Chirped fibre gratings produced by tilting the fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 1995.

Chernikov, S. V.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

Chojetzki, C.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Chung, K. M.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

Coblentz, D. L.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Collins, S. F.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Copner, N.

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

Cruz, J.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

Cruz, J. L.

Dai, X.

Dannberg, P.

Dianov, E. M.

Ding, H.

Dixit, S.

O. Prakash, R. Mahakud, S. Dixit, and U. Nundy, “Effect of the spatial coherence of ultraviolet radiation (255 nm) on the fabrication efficiency of phase mask based fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun., vol. 263, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006.

Dixit, S. K.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

Dochow, S.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

Dockney, M. L.

M. L. Dockney, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Fibre Bragg gratings fabricated using a wavelength tuneable laser source and a phase mask based interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 445–448, 1996.

Dong, L.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 34, pp. 6781–6787, 1996.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

Douay, M.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Dragomir, A.

Elsmann, T.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

Emmerson, G.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 296–313, 1996.

Farries, M.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

Farries, M. C.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, and D. C. J. Reid, “Broadband chirped fibre Bragg filters for pump rejection and recycling in erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 487–489, 1992.

Fonjallaz, P.-Y.

Franke, M.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Friberg, A. T.

Friebele, E. J.

Froehlich, H.-G.

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

Fuchs, H.-J.

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Gagné, M.

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

Garchev, D. D.

D. D. Garchev, M. Vasiliev, and D. J. Booth, “Wavelength-tunable chirped in-fiber Bragg gratings produced with a prism interferometer,” Opt. Commun., vol. 147, nos. 4–6, pp. 254–258, 1998.

Gawith, C.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Georges, T.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Goodwin, M.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

Grobnic, D.

Hagemann, V.

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Helmfrid, S.

Henderson, G.

Ibsen, M.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Ibusuki, Y.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

James, S. W.

M. L. Dockney, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Fibre Bragg gratings fabricated using a wavelength tuneable laser source and a phase mask based interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 445–448, 1996.

Jovanovic, N.

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

Kashyap, R.

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

R. Kashyap, “Assessment of tuning the wavelength of chirped and unchirped fibre Bragg grating with single phase-masks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 21, pp. 2025–2027, 1998.

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

Kitcher, D. J.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Knothe, C.

C. Knothe, Holographisches Herstellungsverfahren für Bragg-Gitter in UV-sensitiven Wellenleitern (german). Dusseldorf, Germany: VDI Verlag GmbH, 2005.

C. Knothe and E. Brinkmeyer, “Reset-free phase shifter in a Sagnac-type interferometer for control of chirp and apodization of Bragg gratings,” presented at the Conf. Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity Poling Glass Waveguides, Monterey, CA, USA, 2003, p. TuB3.

Kouskousis, B. P.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Kryukov, P. G.

Kumar, J.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

Lauzon, J.

Y. Painchaud, A. Chandonnet, and J. Lauzon, “Chirped fibre gratings produced by tilting the fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 1995.

Lemaire, P.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

Limpert, J.

Lindner, E.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

Logan, R. A.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Lu, C.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

Lu, P.

Maciejko, R.

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

Mahakud, R.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

O. Prakash, R. Mahakud, S. Dixit, and U. Nundy, “Effect of the spatial coherence of ultraviolet radiation (255 nm) on the fabrication efficiency of phase mask based fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun., vol. 263, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006.

Mailloux, A.

F. Trepanier, G. Brochu, M. Morin, and A. Mailloux, “High-end FBG design and manufacturing for industrial lasers, sensing and telecommunications,” presented at the Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Barcelona, Spain, 2014, p. BM4D.1.

Marques, P. V. S.

M. Melo and P. V. S. Marques, “Fabrication of tailored Bragg gratings by the phase mask dithering/moving technique,” Photon. Sensors, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 81–96, 2013.

Marshall, G. D.

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

McKee, P.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

McKee, P. F.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

Melo, M.

M. Melo and P. V. S. Marques, “Fabrication of tailored Bragg gratings by the phase mask dithering/moving technique,” Photon. Sensors, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 81–96, 2013.

Mihailov, S. J.

Mizrahi, V.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

Molony, A.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

Morin, M.

F. Trepanier, G. Brochu, M. Morin, and A. Mailloux, “High-end FBG design and manufacturing for industrial lasers, sensing and telecommunications,” presented at the Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Barcelona, Spain, 2014, p. BM4D.1.

Morton, P. A.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Mueller, H.-R.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Nakhe, S. V.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

Nguty, T. A.

T. A. Nguty and R. J. Potton, “Photochemical changes in hydrogen-loaded optical fibres with application to Bragg grating formation,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, p. 1055–1058, 1997.

Niay, P.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

Nolte, S.

Nundy, U.

O. Prakash, R. Mahakud, S. Dixit, and U. Nundy, “Effect of the spatial coherence of ultraviolet radiation (255 nm) on the fabrication efficiency of phase mask based fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun., vol. 263, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006.

Ommer, J.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Ota, I.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Ota, T.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Ouellette, F.

Painchaud, Y.

Y. Painchaud, A. Chandonnet, and J. Lauzon, “Chirped fibre gratings produced by tilting the fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 1995.

Petermann, I.

Pissadakis, S.

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, “An elliptical Talbot interferometer for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 76, pp. 066101-1–066101-3, 2005.

Poehlmann, R.

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Potton, R. J.

T. A. Nguty and R. J. Potton, “Photochemical changes in hydrogen-loaded optical fibres with application to Bragg grating formation,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, p. 1055–1058, 1997.

Prakash, O.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

O. Prakash, R. Mahakud, S. Dixit, and U. Nundy, “Effect of the spatial coherence of ultraviolet radiation (255 nm) on the fabrication efficiency of phase mask based fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun., vol. 263, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006.

Proulx, A.

A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.

Putnam, M. A.

Ragdale, C. M.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, and D. C. J. Reid, “Broadband chirped fibre Bragg filters for pump rejection and recycling in erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 487–489, 1992.

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

Reekie, L.

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, “An elliptical Talbot interferometer for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 76, pp. 066101-1–066101-3, 2005.

J. L. Cruz, L. Dong, S. Barcelos, and L. Reekie, “Fiber Bragg gratings with various chirp profiles made in etched tapers,” Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 34, pp. 6781–6787, 1996.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

P. J. Russell, J. L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, “Fiber gratings,” Phys. World, pp. 41–48, 1993.

Reid, D.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

Reid, D. C. J.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, and D. C. J. Reid, “Broadband chirped fibre Bragg filters for pump rejection and recycling in erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 487–489, 1992.

Richter, D.

C. Voigtländer, R. G. Becker, J. Thomas, D. Richter, A. Singh, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort pulse inscription of tailored fiber Bragg gratings with a phase mask and a deformed wavefront,” Opt. Mater. Exp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 2011.

Rollinson, C. M.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Rothhardt, M.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Rourke, H.

K. Byron and H. Rourke, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings by novel stretch and write technique,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60–61, 1995.

Russell, P. J.

P. J. Russell, J. L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, “Fiber gratings,” Phys. World, pp. 41–48, 1993.

Sahlgren, B.

Sahlgren, H. Storoy, B. E.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

Saliminia, A.

A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.

Sandgren, S.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

Schimpf, D.

Schroeter, S.

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Schuster, K.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Schwuchow, A.

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

Sciortino, P. F.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Sergent, A. M.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Sheng, Y.

M. Bernier, Y. Sheng, and R. Vallée, “Ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings written with a highly chirped phase mask and infrared femtosecond pulses.” Opt Exp., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3285–3290, 2009.

Shigematsu, T.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Shinozaki, A.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Singh, A.

C. Voigtländer, R. G. Becker, J. Thomas, D. Richter, A. Singh, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort pulse inscription of tailored fiber Bragg gratings with a phase mask and a deformed wavefront,” Opt. Mater. Exp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 2011.

Sipe, J. E.

T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 296–313, 1996.

Smelser, C. W.

Smith, P.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Steel, M. J.

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

Stubbe, R. A. H.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

Stutzki, F.

Sugden, K.

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

Swanton, A.

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

Tam, H. Y.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

Tanbun-Ek, T.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Tatam, R. P.

M. L. Dockney, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Fibre Bragg gratings fabricated using a wavelength tuneable laser source and a phase mask based interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 445–448, 1996.

Taylor, J. R.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

Thomas, J.

Trepanier, F.

F. Trepanier, G. Brochu, M. Morin, and A. Mailloux, “High-end FBG design and manufacturing for industrial lasers, sensing and telecommunications,” presented at the Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Barcelona, Spain, 2014, p. BM4D.1.

Tsuda, T.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Tucknott, J.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

Tünnermann, A.

Unger, S.

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Unruh, J.

Vallée, R.

A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.

M. Bernier, Y. Sheng, and R. Vallée, “Ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings written with a highly chirped phase mask and infrared femtosecond pulses.” Opt Exp., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3285–3290, 2009.

Vasiliev, M.

D. D. Garchev, M. Vasiliev, and D. J. Booth, “Wavelength-tunable chirped in-fiber Bragg gratings produced with a prism interferometer,” Opt. Commun., vol. 147, nos. 4–6, pp. 254–258, 1998.

Voigtländer, C.

Wade, S. A.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Walker, R. B.

Watts, S.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Wecht, K. W.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

Wikszak, E.

Williams, D.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

Williams, G. M.

Williams, R.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

Williams, R. J.

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

Withford, M. J.

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

Xie, W.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

Yodo, S.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

Zagorulko, K. A.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (13)

Y. Painchaud, A. Chandonnet, and J. Lauzon, “Chirped fibre gratings produced by tilting the fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 1995.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, and I. Bennion, “Fabrication of chirped Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibre,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 1659–1660, 1993.

L. Dong, J. Cruz, L. Reekie, and J. Tucknott, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings using etched tapers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 908–909, 1995.

K. Sugden, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and N. Copner, “Chirped gratings produced in photosensitive optical fibres by fibre deformation during exposure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 440–441, 1994.

K. Byron and H. Rourke, “Fabrication of chirped fibre gratings by novel stretch and write technique,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60–61, 1995.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, and D. C. J. Reid, “Broadband chirped fibre Bragg filters for pump rejection and recycling in erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 487–489, 1992.

R. Kashyap, P. McKee, R. Campbell, and D. Williams, “Novel method of producing all fibre photoinduced chirped gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 996–998, 1994.

R. Kashyap, H.-G. Froehlich, A. Swanton, and D. Armes, “1.3 m long super-step-chirped fibre Bragg grating with a continuous delay of 13.5 ns and bandwidth 10 nm for broadband dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 19, pp. 1307–1309, 1996.

M. Farries, K. Sugden, D. Reid, I. Bennion, A. Molony, and M. Goodwin, “Very broad reflection bandwidth (44 nm) chirped fibre gratings and narrow bandpass filters produced by the use of an amplitude mask,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 891–892, 1994.

G. Emmerson, S. Watts, C. Gawith, V. Albanis, M. Ibsen, R. Williams, and P. Smith, “Fabrication of directly UV-written channel waveguides with simultaneously defined integral Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1531–1532, 2002.

R. Kashyap, “Assessment of tuning the wavelength of chirped and unchirped fibre Bragg grating with single phase-masks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 21, pp. 2025–2027, 1998.

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, and J. R. Taylor, “30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gbits/s in optical fibres using an all fibre photoinduced chirped reflection grating,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 1078–1080, 1994.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H$_2$ loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO$_2$ doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1191–1193, 1993.

Furukawa Rev. (1)

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu, and Y. Ibusuki, “Development of optical fiber gratings for WDM systems,” Furukawa Rev., vol. 19, pp. 35–40, 2000.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Becker, T. Elsmann, A. Schwuchow, M. Rothhardt, S. Dochow, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg gratings in the visible spectral range with ultraviolet femtosecond laser inscription,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 1653–1656, 2014.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, P. A. Andrekson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. Lemaire, D. L. Coblentz, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, and P. F. Sciortino“Mode-locked hybrid soliton pulse source with extremely wide operating frequency range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 1993.

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, “A writing technique for long fiber Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1419–1423, 1997.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (2)

T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 296–313, 1996.

C. M. Rollinson, S. A. Wade, B. P. Kouskousis, D. J. Kitcher, G. W. Baxter, and S. F. Collins, “Variations of the growth of harmonic reflections in fiber Bragg gratings fabricated using phase masks,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1259–1268, 2012.

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

T. A. Nguty and R. J. Potton, “Photochemical changes in hydrogen-loaded optical fibres with application to Bragg grating formation,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, p. 1055–1058, 1997.

M. L. Dockney, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Fibre Bragg gratings fabricated using a wavelength tuneable laser source and a phase mask based interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 445–448, 1996.

Opt Exp. (3)

G. D. Marshall, R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, M. J. Steel, and M. J. Withford, “Point-by-point written fiber-Bragg gratings and their application in complex grating designs,” Opt Exp., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 19 844–19 859, 2010.

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control,” Opt Exp., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 12 664–12 672, 2011.

M. Bernier, Y. Sheng, and R. Vallée, “Ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings written with a highly chirped phase mask and infrared femtosecond pulses.” Opt Exp., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3285–3290, 2009.

Opt. Commun. (5)

D. D. Garchev, M. Vasiliev, and D. J. Booth, “Wavelength-tunable chirped in-fiber Bragg gratings produced with a prism interferometer,” Opt. Commun., vol. 147, nos. 4–6, pp. 254–258, 1998.

A. Saliminia, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, “Inscription of strong Bragg gratings in pure silica photonic crystal fibers using UV femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 333, pp. 133–138, 2014.

W. Xie, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. Bayon, and T. Georges, “Second order diffraction efficiency of Bragg gratings written within germanosilicate fibres,” Opt. Commun., vol. 101, pp. 85–91, 1993.

O. Prakash, R. Mahakud, S. Dixit, and U. Nundy, “Effect of the spatial coherence of ultraviolet radiation (255 nm) on the fabrication efficiency of phase mask based fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun., vol. 263, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2006.

R. Mahakud, O. Prakash, J. Kumar, S. V. Nakhe, and S. K. Dixit, “Analysis on the effect of UV beam intensity profile on the refractive index modulation in phase mask based fiber Bragg grating writing,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5351–5358, 2012.

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. Chojetzki, M. Rothhardt, J. Ommer, S. Unger, K. Schuster, and H.-R. Mueller, “High-reflectivity draw-tower fiber Bragg gratings—Arrays and single gratings of type II,” Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 06 0503-1–060 503-2, 2005.

Opt. Exp. (2)

M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21 550–21 557, 2008.

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 25, pp. 19 169–19 178, 2008.

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C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Stepped-wavelength optical-fiber Bragg grating arrays fabricated in line on a draw tower,” Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 147–149, 1994.

C. Voigtländer, J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, P. Dannberg, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Chirped fiber Bragg gratings written with ultrashort pulses and a tunable phase mask,” Opt. Lett., vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1888–1890, 2009.

A. Dragomir, D. N. Nikogosyan, K. A. Zagorulko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 2171–2173, 2003.

S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, D. Grobnic, H. Ding, G. Henderson, and J. Unruh, “Fiber Bragg gratings made with a phase mask and 800-nm femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 995–997, 2003.

J. Thomas, C. Voigtländer, D. Schimpf, F. Stutzki, E. Wikszak, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuously chirped fiber Bragg gratings by femtosecond laser structuring,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 14, pp. 1560–1562, 2008.

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C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, H. Ding, and X. Dai, “Multiple-beam interference patterns in optical fiber generated with ultrafast pulses and a phase mask,” Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1458–1460, 2004.

Opt. Mater. Exp. (1)

C. Voigtländer, R. G. Becker, J. Thomas, D. Richter, A. Singh, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Ultrashort pulse inscription of tailored fiber Bragg gratings with a phase mask and a deformed wavefront,” Opt. Mater. Exp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 633–642, 2011.

Photon. Sensors (1)

M. Melo and P. V. S. Marques, “Fabrication of tailored Bragg gratings by the phase mask dithering/moving technique,” Photon. Sensors, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 81–96, 2013.

Phys. World (1)

P. J. Russell, J. L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, “Fiber gratings,” Phys. World, pp. 41–48, 1993.

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Rothhardt, V. Hagemann, R. Poehlmann, S. Schroeter, and H.-J. Fuchs, “Characterization of chirped phase masks for UV-applications by writing and investigation of fiber Bragg gratings,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 3099, pp. 231–236, 1997.

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, “An elliptical Talbot interferometer for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 76, pp. 066101-1–066101-3, 2005.

Other (4)

C. Knothe and E. Brinkmeyer, “Reset-free phase shifter in a Sagnac-type interferometer for control of chirp and apodization of Bragg gratings,” presented at the Conf. Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity Poling Glass Waveguides, Monterey, CA, USA, 2003, p. TuB3.

C. Knothe, Holographisches Herstellungsverfahren für Bragg-Gitter in UV-sensitiven Wellenleitern (german). Dusseldorf, Germany: VDI Verlag GmbH, 2005.

F. Trepanier, G. Brochu, M. Morin, and A. Mailloux, “High-end FBG design and manufacturing for industrial lasers, sensing and telecommunications,” presented at the Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Barcelona, Spain, 2014, p. BM4D.1.

E. Brinkmeyer, Optische Kommunikationstechnik (german). Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2002, ch. 12.9, pp. 428–441.

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