Abstract

We present a multifunctional scheme to implement reconfigurable temporal Fourier transformation (TFT) and temporal imaging (TI) flexibly. This structure is composed of a time lens followed by a section of dispersive fiber with proper length. More specifically, the output waveforms presenting either the spectrum profile or the scaled waveform profile of the input signal are achieved by simply changing the length of the fiber, which is theoretically analyzed and experimentally verified. This proposal requires neither the use of an input dispersive device preceding the time lens nor a second time lens after the dispersion. Hence, it is a simple and practical alternative to the implementation of both TFT and TI.

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  1. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics, 3rd ed. (Robert, 2005).
  2. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, “Application of space-time duality to ultrahigh-speed optical signal processing,” Adv. Opt. Photon., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 274–317, 2013.
  3. J. V. Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2649–2662, 2006.
  4. B. Kolner, “Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1951–1963, 1994.
  5. Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.
  6. Z. Wu, L. Lei, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Triangular-shaped pulse generation based on self-convolution of a rectangular-shaped pulse,” Opt. Lett., vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 2258–2261, 2014.
  7. B. Li, M. Li, S. Lou, and J. Azaña, “Linear optical pulse compression based on temporal zone plates,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 16814–16830, 2013.
  8. K. G. Petrillo and M. A. Foster, “Full 160-Gb/s OTDM to 16 × 10-Gb/s WDM conversion with a single nonlinear interaction,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 508–518, 2013.
  9. E. Palushani, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hao, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM Conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 681–688, 2012.
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  11. D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength-time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photon., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 2008.
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  13. Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, K. Saha, J. S. Levy, M. Lipsonet al., “Asynchronous single-shot characterization of high-repetition-rate ultrafast waveforms using a time-lens-based temporal magnifier,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, no. 23, pp. 4892–4894, 2012.
  14. V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, A. D. Drobshoff, D. Chang, and C. Langrock, “104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2013.
  15. A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, S. T. Chu, and B. E. Little “Time-Lens measurement of subpicosecond optical pulses in CMOS compatible high-index glass waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 629–636, 2012.
  16. K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 102–112, 2013.
  17. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 4324–4329, 2009.
  18. H. Hu, D. Kong, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “320 Gb/s Nyquist OTDM received by polarization-insensitive time-domain OFT,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 110–118, 2014.
  19. F. Li and J. Azaña, “Simplified system configuration for real-time Fourier transformation of optical pulses in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Commun., vol. 274, no. 1, pp. 59–65, 2007.
  20. T. T. Ng, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, Z. Zhaowei, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Compensation of linear distortions by using XPM with parabolic pulses as a time lens,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 1097–1099, 2008.
  21. M. Nakazawa and T. Hirooka, “Distortion-free optical transmission using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and transform-limited optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1842–1855, 2005.
  22. K.-Y. Wang, K. G. Petrillo, M. A. Foster, and A. C. Foster, “Ultralow-power all-optical processing of high-speed data signals in deposited silicon waveguides,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 24600–24606, 2012.
  23. J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Simplified temporal imaging systems for optical waveforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2005.
  24. J. Azaña, J. E. Lugo, A. G. Kirk, and D. V. Plant, “New insights into the problem of shadowlike projection of a plane object illuminated by a spherical wavefront,” Opt. Commun., vol. 247, nos. 4–6, pp. 257–264, 2005.
  25. M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photon., vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 581–585, 2009.
  26. E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-Top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1317–1324, 2009.
  27. A. Tae-Jung, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Ultrarapid optical frequency-domain reflectometry based upon dispersion-induced time stretching: principle and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 148–165, 2012.
  28. J. R. Klauder, “Path integrals and stationary-phase approximations,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 2349–2356, 1979.
  29. J. Rezende, “The method of stationary phase for oscillatory integrals on Hilbert spaces,” Commun. Math. Phys., vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 187–206, 1985.
  30. G. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” in Nonlinear Science at the Dawn of the 21st Century, New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2000, pp. 195–211.
  31. A. E. Willner, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, and O. F. Yilmaz, “All-Optical signal processing,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 660–680, 2014.
  32. S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.
  33. A. R. Charaplyvy, R. W. Tkach, L. L. Buhl, and R. C. Alferness, “Phase modulation to amplitude modulation conversion of CW laser light in optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 409–411, 1986.
  34. C. K. Madsen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, T. N. Nielsen, and G. Lenz, “A tunable dispersion compensating MEMS all-pass filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 651–653, 2000.
  35. T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, “Dispersion tuning of a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 845–847, 1998.
  36. H. Shahoei and J. Yao, “Continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication by optically pumping linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings in an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1954–1959, 2012.
  37. B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418–1432, 2000.
  38. G. M. Gehring, H. Shin, R. W. Boyd, C.-M. Kim, and B. S. Ham, “Tunable optical time delay of quantum signals using a prism pair,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19156–19162, 2010.
  39. B. H. Kolner, “Active pulse compression using an integrated electro-optic phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52, no. 14, pp. 1122–1124, 1988.
  40. N. K. Berger, B. Levit, S. Atkins, and B. Fischer, “Time-lens-based spectral analysis of optical pulses by electrooptic phase modulation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 19, pp. 1644–1646, 2000.
  41. T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “All-Optical 40-GHz time-domain Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1869–1871, 2008.

2014 (4)

H. Hu, D. Kong, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “320 Gb/s Nyquist OTDM received by polarization-insensitive time-domain OFT,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 110–118, 2014.

A. E. Willner, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, and O. F. Yilmaz, “All-Optical signal processing,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 660–680, 2014.

Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

Z. Wu, L. Lei, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Triangular-shaped pulse generation based on self-convolution of a rectangular-shaped pulse,” Opt. Lett., vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 2258–2261, 2014.

2013 (5)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, “Application of space-time duality to ultrahigh-speed optical signal processing,” Adv. Opt. Photon., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 274–317, 2013.

B. Li, M. Li, S. Lou, and J. Azaña, “Linear optical pulse compression based on temporal zone plates,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 16814–16830, 2013.

K. G. Petrillo and M. A. Foster, “Full 160-Gb/s OTDM to 16 × 10-Gb/s WDM conversion with a single nonlinear interaction,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 508–518, 2013.

V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, A. D. Drobshoff, D. Chang, and C. Langrock, “104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2013.

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photon., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 102–112, 2013.

2012 (6)

A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, S. T. Chu, and B. E. Little “Time-Lens measurement of subpicosecond optical pulses in CMOS compatible high-index glass waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 629–636, 2012.

A. Tae-Jung, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Ultrarapid optical frequency-domain reflectometry based upon dispersion-induced time stretching: principle and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 148–165, 2012.

K.-Y. Wang, K. G. Petrillo, M. A. Foster, and A. C. Foster, “Ultralow-power all-optical processing of high-speed data signals in deposited silicon waveguides,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 24600–24606, 2012.

E. Palushani, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hao, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM Conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 681–688, 2012.

E. Palushani, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hao, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM Conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 681–688, 2012.

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, K. Saha, J. S. Levy, M. Lipsonet al., “Asynchronous single-shot characterization of high-repetition-rate ultrafast waveforms using a time-lens-based temporal magnifier,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, no. 23, pp. 4892–4894, 2012.

H. Shahoei and J. Yao, “Continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication by optically pumping linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings in an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1954–1959, 2012.

2010 (1)

G. M. Gehring, H. Shin, R. W. Boyd, C.-M. Kim, and B. S. Ham, “Tunable optical time delay of quantum signals using a prism pair,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19156–19162, 2010.

2009 (3)

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultrafast waveform compression using a time-domain telescope,” Nat. Photon., vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 581–585, 2009.

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-Top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1317–1324, 2009.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 4324–4329, 2009.

2008 (5)

T. T. Ng, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, Z. Zhaowei, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Compensation of linear distortions by using XPM with parabolic pulses as a time lens,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 13, pp. 1097–1099, 2008.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1047–1049, 2008.

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “All-Optical 40-GHz time-domain Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1869–1871, 2008.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7218, pp. 81–84, 2008.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength-time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photon., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 2008.

2007 (1)

F. Li and J. Azaña, “Simplified system configuration for real-time Fourier transformation of optical pulses in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Commun., vol. 274, no. 1, pp. 59–65, 2007.

2006 (1)

J. V. Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2649–2662, 2006.

2005 (4)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics, 3rd ed. (Robert, 2005).

M. Nakazawa and T. Hirooka, “Distortion-free optical transmission using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and transform-limited optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1842–1855, 2005.

J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Simplified temporal imaging systems for optical waveforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2005.

J. Azaña, J. E. Lugo, A. G. Kirk, and D. V. Plant, “New insights into the problem of shadowlike projection of a plane object illuminated by a spherical wavefront,” Opt. Commun., vol. 247, nos. 4–6, pp. 257–264, 2005.

2000 (3)

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, S. Atkins, and B. Fischer, “Time-lens-based spectral analysis of optical pulses by electrooptic phase modulation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 19, pp. 1644–1646, 2000.

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418–1432, 2000.

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418–1432, 2000.

C. K. Madsen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, T. N. Nielsen, and G. Lenz, “A tunable dispersion compensating MEMS all-pass filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 651–653, 2000.

1998 (1)

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, “Dispersion tuning of a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 845–847, 1998.

1994 (1)

B. Kolner, “Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1951–1963, 1994.

1990 (1)

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.

1988 (1)

B. H. Kolner, “Active pulse compression using an integrated electro-optic phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52, no. 14, pp. 1122–1124, 1988.

1986 (1)

A. R. Charaplyvy, R. W. Tkach, L. L. Buhl, and R. C. Alferness, “Phase modulation to amplitude modulation conversion of CW laser light in optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 409–411, 1986.

1985 (1)

J. Rezende, “The method of stationary phase for oscillatory integrals on Hilbert spaces,” Commun. Math. Phys., vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 187–206, 1985.

1979 (1)

J. R. Klauder, “Path integrals and stationary-phase approximations,” Phys. Rev. D, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 2349–2356, 1979.

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” in Nonlinear Science at the Dawn of the 21st Century, New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2000, pp. 195–211.

Ahuja, A.

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418–1432, 2000.

Alferness, R. C.

A. R. Charaplyvy, R. W. Tkach, L. L. Buhl, and R. C. Alferness, “Phase modulation to amplitude modulation conversion of CW laser light in optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 409–411, 1986.

Atkins, S.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, S. Atkins, and B. Fischer, “Time-lens-based spectral analysis of optical pulses by electrooptic phase modulation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 19, pp. 1644–1646, 2000.

Azana, J.

A. Tae-Jung, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Ultrarapid optical frequency-domain reflectometry based upon dispersion-induced time stretching: principle and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 148–165, 2012.

J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Simplified temporal imaging systems for optical waveforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2005.

Azaña, J.

B. Li, M. Li, S. Lou, and J. Azaña, “Linear optical pulse compression based on temporal zone plates,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 16814–16830, 2013.

F. Li and J. Azaña, “Simplified system configuration for real-time Fourier transformation of optical pulses in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Commun., vol. 274, no. 1, pp. 59–65, 2007.

J. Azaña, J. E. Lugo, A. G. Kirk, and D. V. Plant, “New insights into the problem of shadowlike projection of a plane object illuminated by a spherical wavefront,” Opt. Commun., vol. 247, nos. 4–6, pp. 257–264, 2005.

Bennett, C. V.

V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, A. D. Drobshoff, D. Chang, and C. Langrock, “104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2013.

Berger, N. K.

J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Simplified temporal imaging systems for optical waveforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2005.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, S. Atkins, and B. Fischer, “Time-lens-based spectral analysis of optical pulses by electrooptic phase modulation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 19, pp. 1644–1646, 2000.

Boyd, R. W.

G. M. Gehring, H. Shin, R. W. Boyd, C.-M. Kim, and B. S. Ham, “Tunable optical time delay of quantum signals using a prism pair,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19156–19162, 2010.

Buhl, L. L.

A. R. Charaplyvy, R. W. Tkach, L. L. Buhl, and R. C. Alferness, “Phase modulation to amplitude modulation conversion of CW laser light in optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 409–411, 1986.

Chang, D.

V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, A. D. Drobshoff, D. Chang, and C. Langrock, “104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2013.

Charaplyvy, A. R.

A. R. Charaplyvy, R. W. Tkach, L. L. Buhl, and R. C. Alferness, “Phase modulation to amplitude modulation conversion of CW laser light in optical fibres,” Electron. Lett., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 409–411, 1986.

Chitgarha, M. R.

A. E. Willner, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, and O. F. Yilmaz, “All-Optical signal processing,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 660–680, 2014.

Chou, J.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength-time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photon., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 2008.

Chu, S. T.

A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, S. T. Chu, and B. E. Little “Time-Lens measurement of subpicosecond optical pulses in CMOS compatible high-index glass waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 629–636, 2012.

Clausen, A. T.

E. Palushani, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hao, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM Conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 681–688, 2012.

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenlowe, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-Top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1317–1324, 2009.

Dong, J.

Z. Wu, L. Lei, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Triangular-shaped pulse generation based on self-convolution of a rectangular-shaped pulse,” Opt. Lett., vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 2258–2261, 2014.

Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

Drobshoff, A. D.

V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, A. D. Drobshoff, D. Chang, and C. Langrock, “104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 196–203, 2013.

Edagawa, N.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418–1432, 2000.

Fischer, B.

J. Azana, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Simplified temporal imaging systems for optical waveforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2005.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, S. Atkins, and B. Fischer, “Time-lens-based spectral analysis of optical pulses by electrooptic phase modulation,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 19, pp. 1644–1646, 2000.

Ford, J. E.

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R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-speed optical sampling using a silicon-chip temporal magnifier,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 4324–4329, 2009.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7218, pp. 81–84, 2008.

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S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.

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C. K. Madsen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, T. N. Nielsen, and G. Lenz, “A tunable dispersion compensating MEMS all-pass filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 651–653, 2000.

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K.-Y. Wang, K. G. Petrillo, M. A. Foster, and A. C. Foster, “Ultralow-power all-optical processing of high-speed data signals in deposited silicon waveguides,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 24600–24606, 2012.

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Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

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J. V. Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2649–2662, 2006.

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S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.

Yan, S.

Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

Yao, J.

H. Shahoei and J. Yao, “Continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication by optically pumping linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings in an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1954–1959, 2012.

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A. E. Willner, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, and O. F. Yilmaz, “All-Optical signal processing,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 660–680, 2014.

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S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1716–1722, 1990.

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Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

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Z. Wu, J. Dong, J. Hou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Temporal imaging using a time pinhole,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 8076–8084, 2014.

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