Abstract

We fabricate polynorbornene-based graded-index (GI) core polymer optical waveguides using the photoaddressing method, and demonstrate that the GI-core polymer waveguides are capable of realizing high-bandwidth-density on-board optical interconnects. Because of the tight optical confinement effect of the parabolic refractive index profile, the fabricated GI-core polymer waveguides exhibit superior optical properties compared to step-index (SI) core polymer waveguides: low propagation loss, low connection loss with GI multimode fiber (MMF) with wide misalignment tolerance, and low interchannel crosstalk even under a small pitch size are experimentally confirmed. Furthermore, interchannel crosstalk due to multicore operation is experimentally evaluated, and a method to estimate the interchannel crosstalk in multimode polymer parallel optical waveguides under multicore operation is proposed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The photoaddressing method capable of fabricating even low-loss GI-core polymer waveguide circuits will pave the way for realizing low-cost and high-bandwidth-density optical printed circuit boards.

© 2013 IEEE

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