Abstract

We report on the fabrication of double-cladding waveguides in Nd:GdCOB crystals by using femtosecond laser inscription with scanning speed of 0.5 mm/s. This prototype consists of two concentric tubular structures with nearly circular cross sections with different diameters. The fabricated cladding waveguides possess relatively low propagation losses of less than 0.65 dB/cm. The micro photoluminescence and second harmonic confocal images of the fabricated waveguides, which were performed by using a confocal microscope, have revealed that neither the fluorescence nor the nonlinear properties of the constituent crystals have been deteriorated during femtosecond laser micromachining procedure. Under the pulsed laser pumping at fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm, the guided wave second harmonic generation (SHG) at 532 nm has been realized from the single and double cladding waveguides. Compared to the single-claddings (2.3 or 4.7%, depending on the diverse cladding diameters), the double cladding architecture has been found to be with enhanced SHG conversion efficiency (∼5.1%).

© 2013 IEEE

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