Abstract

Peer-to-peer (P2P) applications such as P2P video streaming and internet video calling have gained tremendous popularity and are expected to be vastly increasing in the next few years. However, low-cost large-scale video services have remained an intangible goal. The ethernet passive optical network (EPON) is being regarded as one of the promising for next-generation optical access solutions in the access networks attempt to tackle this problem but facing a major challenge to offer scalable large-scale video services. Therefore, in this paper, we propose an architecture which combines the advantages of EPON and P2P architecture to provide scalable Internet Protocol delivery multimedia services and improve quality-of-services. In the proposed architecture, we design new optical network unit (ONU) mechanisms, which support traffic redirection communication among ONUs in combination with caching. Thus, it can reduce the resource consumption and add extra downstream bandwidth at the optical line terminal since the intra-PON traffic is not necessary to be buffered and scheduled in the downstream direction. Finally, we propose a “Redirect” dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme, which can support intra-PON traffic redirection and intertraffic bandwidth allocation. Simulation results have shown that our proposed architecture can improve the overall QoS in terms of end-to-end delay, jitter, system throughput, fairness, and packet dropping rate.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. "Cisco visual networking index: Forecast and methodology, 2011-2016," White Paper San JoseCA (2012) Cisco http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360.pdf.
  2. P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, D. Nesset, "Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks," IEEE Netw. 26, 8-14 (2012).
  3. I. Tomkos, L. Kazovsky, K. I. Kitayama, "Next-generation optical access networks: Dynamic bandwidth allocation, resources use optimization, and QoS improvements," IEEE Netw. 26, 4-6 (2012).
  4. S. Choi, J. Park, "SLA-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation for QoS in EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 773-781 (2010).
  5. Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks IEEE Draft P802.3ah/D1.0TM (2002).
  6. "Cisco Visual Networking Index: Usage," White Paper CiscoSan JoseCA (2010) http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/Cisco_VNI_Usage_WP.html.
  7. F. Thouin, M. Coates, "Video-on-demand networks: Design approaches and future challenges," IEEE Netw. 21, 42-48 (2007).
  8. A. Nafaa, S. Murphy, L. Murphy, "Analysis of a large-scale VOD architecture for broadband operators: A P2P-based solution," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 47-55 (2008).
  9. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).
  10. I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, K. R. Lai, A. T. Liem, "Generic QoS-aware interleaved dynamic bandwidth allocation in scalable EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 99-107 (2012).
  11. M. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-S15 (2004).
  12. Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).
  13. C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
  14. J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, "Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 343-351 (2009).
  15. C. A. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Local-traffic-redirection-based dynamic bandwidth assignment scheme for EPON with active forwarding remote repeater node," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 245-253 (2011).
  16. S. R. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).
  17. E. Wong, C.-J. Chae, "Customer-controlled dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 541-553 (2006).
  18. N. U. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadcast video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).
  19. N. U. Kim, H. S. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).
  20. J. Wang, C. Qiao, Y. Li, K. Lu, "On guaranteed VoD services in next generation optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 875-888 (2010).
  21. Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks IEEE Standard 802.1q (1998).
  22. J. Choi, M. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "Efficient video-on-demand streaming for broadband access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 38-50 (2010).
  23. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Network (Mc-Grawhill, 2005).
  24. X. Bai, A. Shami, Modelling Self-Similar Traffic for Network Simulation Clemson Univ.ClemsonSC Tech. Rep. NetRep-2005-01 (2005).
  25. A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in ethernet passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 43, 1745-1753 (2005).
  26. R. Jain, A. Durresi, G. Babic, Throughput Fairness Index: An Explanation (1999) ATM Forum/99-0045.

2012 (3)

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, D. Nesset, "Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks," IEEE Netw. 26, 8-14 (2012).

I. Tomkos, L. Kazovsky, K. I. Kitayama, "Next-generation optical access networks: Dynamic bandwidth allocation, resources use optimization, and QoS improvements," IEEE Netw. 26, 4-6 (2012).

I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, K. R. Lai, A. T. Liem, "Generic QoS-aware interleaved dynamic bandwidth allocation in scalable EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 99-107 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. A. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Local-traffic-redirection-based dynamic bandwidth assignment scheme for EPON with active forwarding remote repeater node," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 245-253 (2011).

2010 (3)

J. Wang, C. Qiao, Y. Li, K. Lu, "On guaranteed VoD services in next generation optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 875-888 (2010).

J. Choi, M. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "Efficient video-on-demand streaming for broadband access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 38-50 (2010).

S. Choi, J. Park, "SLA-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation for QoS in EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 773-781 (2010).

2009 (1)

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, "Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 343-351 (2009).

2008 (2)

A. Nafaa, S. Murphy, L. Murphy, "Analysis of a large-scale VOD architecture for broadband operators: A P2P-based solution," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 47-55 (2008).

N. U. Kim, H. S. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).

2007 (2)

F. Thouin, M. Coates, "Video-on-demand networks: Design approaches and future challenges," IEEE Netw. 21, 42-48 (2007).

N. U. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadcast video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in ethernet passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 43, 1745-1753 (2005).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).

2004 (2)

S. R. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

M. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-S15 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

2002 (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

A. Nafaa, S. Murphy, L. Murphy, "Analysis of a large-scale VOD architecture for broadband operators: A P2P-based solution," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 47-55 (2008).

M. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-S15 (2004).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S16-S21 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

J. Wang, C. Qiao, Y. Li, K. Lu, "On guaranteed VoD services in next generation optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 875-888 (2010).

IEEE Netw. (3)

F. Thouin, M. Coates, "Video-on-demand networks: Design approaches and future challenges," IEEE Netw. 21, 42-48 (2007).

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, D. Nesset, "Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks," IEEE Netw. 26, 8-14 (2012).

I. Tomkos, L. Kazovsky, K. I. Kitayama, "Next-generation optical access networks: Dynamic bandwidth allocation, resources use optimization, and QoS improvements," IEEE Netw. 26, 4-6 (2012).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (5)

S. Choi, J. Park, "SLA-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation for QoS in EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 773-781 (2010).

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, "Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 343-351 (2009).

C. A. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Local-traffic-redirection-based dynamic bandwidth assignment scheme for EPON with active forwarding remote repeater node," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 245-253 (2011).

J. Choi, M. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "Efficient video-on-demand streaming for broadband access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 38-50 (2010).

I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, K. R. Lai, A. T. Liem, "Generic QoS-aware interleaved dynamic bandwidth allocation in scalable EPONs," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 99-107 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in ethernet passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 43, 1745-1753 (2005).

S. R. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

N. U. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadcast video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).

N. U. Kim, H. S. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

Other (7)

"Cisco visual networking index: Forecast and methodology, 2011-2016," White Paper San JoseCA (2012) Cisco http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360.pdf.

Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks IEEE Draft P802.3ah/D1.0TM (2002).

"Cisco Visual Networking Index: Usage," White Paper CiscoSan JoseCA (2010) http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/Cisco_VNI_Usage_WP.html.

Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks IEEE Standard 802.1q (1998).

R. Jain, A. Durresi, G. Babic, Throughput Fairness Index: An Explanation (1999) ATM Forum/99-0045.

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Network (Mc-Grawhill, 2005).

X. Bai, A. Shami, Modelling Self-Similar Traffic for Network Simulation Clemson Univ.ClemsonSC Tech. Rep. NetRep-2005-01 (2005).

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