Abstract

In this paper, we propose and demonstrate the practical all-optical wavelength multicasting scheme based on the four-wave mixing (FWM) effect in both a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) and a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). Then we carry out comprehensive comparisons of the performance differences between using the HNLF and SOA for this proposed multicasting scheme. Seven multicast channels are experimentally demonstrated by using three copolarized probes and a modulated signal. The merit of the proposed scheme is that the polarization sensitivity is significantly reduced from more than 20 dB to approximately 5 dB using the HNFL and 2.5 dB using the SOA. The low polarization sensitivity leads to a difference of less than 1 dB in the power penalty of the multicast channels at bit error rate (BER) = 10-9. In addition, we compare the multicasting performance of the OOK and differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals using the proposed scheme and found that the power penalties of the DPSK multicast channels in the HNLF and the SOA are less than 1.25 and 1.1 dB respectively, and the power penalties of the OOK multicast channels are less than 1.5 dB and 3.1 dB in the HNLF and the SOA, respectively.

© 2010 IEEE

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