Abstract

We present an efficient temperature-dependent analysis to study the effect of cooperative upconversion on the temperature-dependent gain (TDG) performance of the C-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) at high-concentration. The influence of cooperative upconversion on the TDG is examined by using a set of temperature-dependent rate and light propagation equations. In the analysis given, the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), as well as the excited state absorption (ESA) are also considered. In the forward pumping configuration at a signal wavelength of 1547 nm and in the temperature range of ${- 40}\,\,^{\circ} $C to ${+ 80}\,\,^{\circ} $C, the variations of the TDG and the noise figure (NF) are about 1.7 and 0.9 dB, respectively. Numerical analysis results show that, with 260-mW/1480-nm pump power, an erbium-doped fiber amplifier having a doping concentration of 4.4$\times 10^{26}$ ion/m$^{3}$ and optimum length of 9.2 cm may reach a signal gain of 44.6 dB and a noise figure of 3.9 dB at room temperature.

© 2009 IEEE

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