This paper describes Si-micromachined two-axis beam-steering micromirrors and their performance in 256 × 256-and 1024 × 1024-port large optical cross-connects (OXCs). The high-reflectivity wavelength-independent mirrors are electrostatically actuated; capable of large, continuous, controlled,dc tilt in any direction at moderate actuation voltages; and allow setting times of a few milliseconds. Packaged two-dimensional (2-D) arrays containing independently addressable identical 256 and 1296 mirrors are used to build fully functional bitrate and wavelength-independent single-stage, low-insertion-loss,single-mode fiber OCX fabrics.
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