Abstract

A polymer containing fine droplets of liquid crystal (LC) is investigated for obtaining an optical phase-shifting attenuator at 1550-nm wavelength. Two mixtures of liquid crystals and monomers are compared for a cell thickness of 15 µm . The first method uses nanosized LC droplets to achieve 2.29-rad phase shifting for an applied voltage of 230 Vrms. The second method uses microsized LC droplets to achieve 2.35-rad phase shifting for an applied voltage of 15 Vrms. Theoretical analysis of the phase shifting is developed. This optical property is used to achieve a variable optical attenuator (VOA) between two single-mode fibers. An optical architecture using graded index rod lenses and a pattern of photoresist polymer is presented. Typical characteristics of such VOA are: 12-dB range of attenuation, a maximum polarization dependence loss of 0.5 dB, 1.1-dB insertion loss, and a saturation voltage of 20 Vrms.

© 2003 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription