Abstract

The low-frequency intensity modulation in optical transmission systems can occurred by optical performance monitoring or dynamic devices such as acoustooptic tunable filters. Using a conventional receiver model,we derived the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) and Q penalties due to the low-frequency intensity modulation. The penalty is a function of the extinction ratio, OSNR, the modulation index,and the number of pilot-tone signals. The analytic results show good agreement with the experimental results.

© 2003 IEEE

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