Abstract

We present a fast voltage programming scheme for active-matrix organic light-emitting diode (AMOLED) displays using amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin-film transistor (TFT) backplane technology. The proposed scheme uses on-pixel measurement of the threshold voltage $(V_{\rm th})$ of the drive TFT. In contrast to the conventional voltage driving, $V_{\rm th}$ is not measured by discharging a capacitor through a diode-connected TFT. Thus, the accuracy-speed tradeoff does not limit the performance of the new driving scheme. A 4-TFT 2-capacitor pixel circuit is implemented based on the new driving scheme, and its performance is verified by circuit-level simulations using AIM-SPICE. Simulation results show that for a programming time of 33 $\mu {\hbox {s}}$, less than 2.5% change in the OLED current can be achieved for a 5-V shift in the threshold voltage of the drive TFT.

© 2010 IEEE

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