Abstract

We propose a photonic quasi-crystal fiber (PQF) for supporting up to 14 orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes with low and ultra-flat dispersion characteristics over the C+L bands. The designed PQF which consists of a large hollow center and quasi structural small air holes in the clad region exhibits low confinement losses and a large effective index separation (>10−4) between the vector modes. This proposed fiber could potentially be exploited for mode division multiplexing and other OAM mode applications in fibers.

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  2. N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristenesen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. RamachandranTerabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibersScience201334015451548
  3. J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. WillnerTerabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexingNat. Photonics20126488496
  4. Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. WillnerHigh-capacity millimeter-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexingNat. Commun.201454876
  5. Z. Wang, N. Zhang, and X. C. YuanHigh-volume optical vortex multiplexing and de-multiplexing for free-space optical communicationOpt. Express201119482492
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  7. Y. Ming, J. Tang, Z. Zhen, F. Xu, L. Zhang, and Y. LuGeneration of N00N state with orbital angular momentum in a twisted nonlinear photonic crystalIEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.201521225230
  8. S. Furhapter, A. Jesacher, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-MarteSpiral phase contrast imaging in microscopyOpt. Express200513689694
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  14. Y. Yue, L. Zhang, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, J. Yang, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. WillnerOctave-spanning supercontinuum generation of vortices in an As2S3 ring photonic crystal fiberOpt. Lett.20123718891891
  15. H. Li, G. Ren, B. Zhu, Y. Gao, B. Yin, J. Wang, and S. JianGuiding terahertz orbital angular momentum beams in multimode Kagome hollow-core fibersOpt. Lett.201742179182
  16. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, H. Li, Y. Deng, X. Zhang, L. Xi, X. Tang, and W. ZhangA design strategy of the circular photonic crystal fiber supporting good quality orbital angular momentum mode transmissionOpt. Commun.20173975966
  17. Z. Hu, Y. Huang, A. Luo, H. Cui, Z. Luo, and W. XuPhotonic crystal fiber for supporting 26 orbital angular momentum modesOpt. Express2016241728517291
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  21. Z. Hui, Y. Zhang, and A. SolimanMid-infrared dual-rhombic air hole GE20Sb15Se65 chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and high nonlinearityCeram. Int.2018441038310392
  22. Z. Hui and J. ZhangDemonstration of 100 Gbit/s optical time-division demultiplexing with 1-to-4 wavelength multicasting using the cascaded four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fiber with a single control light sourceMicrow. Opt. Technol. Lett.20145623302335
  23. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, H. Li, Y. Deng, L. Xi, X. Tang, and W. ZhangThe orbital angular momentum modes supporting fibers based on the photonic crystal fiber structureCrystals20177286
  24. X. Zhao, G. Zhou, S. Li, Z. Liu, D. Wei, Z. Hou, and L. HouPhotonic crystal fiber for dispersion compensationAppl. Opt.20084751905196
  25. M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Chariton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, and M. C. NettiComplete photonic bandgaps in 12-fold symmetric quasicrystalsNature2000404740743
  26. B. Freedman, G. Bartal, M. Segev, R. Lifshitz, and D. N. ChristoetWave and defect dynamics in nonlinear photonic quasicrystalsNature200644011661169
  27. S. Kim, C. Kee, and J. LeeNovel optical properties of six-fold symmetric photonic quasicrystal fibersOpt. Express2007151322113226
  28. C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. Larochelle, and L. A. RuschDesign, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 statesOpt. Express2014222611726127
  29. R. T. Bise and D. J. TrevorSol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterizationProc. OFC/NFOEC Technical Digest. Optical Fiber Communication ConferenceUSA2005Mar.Paper OWL6

Other (29)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. WoerdmanOptical angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modesPhys. Rev. A1992458185

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristenesen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. RamachandranTerabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibersScience201334015451548

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. WillnerTerabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexingNat. Photonics20126488496

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. WillnerHigh-capacity millimeter-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexingNat. Commun.201454876

Z. Wang, N. Zhang, and X. C. YuanHigh-volume optical vortex multiplexing and de-multiplexing for free-space optical communicationOpt. Express201119482492

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. ZeilingerEntanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photonsNature2001412313316

Y. Ming, J. Tang, Z. Zhen, F. Xu, L. Zhang, and Y. LuGeneration of N00N state with orbital angular momentum in a twisted nonlinear photonic crystalIEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.201521225230

S. Furhapter, A. Jesacher, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-MarteSpiral phase contrast imaging in microscopyOpt. Express200513689694

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. PadgettThe production of multiringed Laguerre-Gaussian modes by computer-generated hologramsJ. Mod. Opt.19984512311237

K. Sueda, G. Miyaji, N. Miyanaga, and M. NakatsukaLaguerre-Gaussian beam generated with a multilevel spiral phase plate for high intensity laser pulsesOpt. Express20041235483553

Z. Zhao, J. Wang, S. Li, and A. E. WillnerMetamaterials-based broadband generation of orbital angular momentum carrying vector beamsOpt. Lett.201338932934

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. BoydGenerating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurfaceLight: Sci. Appl.20143e167

G. K. L. Wong, M. S. Kang, H. W. Lee, F. Biancalana, C. Conti, T. Weiss, and P. St. J. RussellExcitation of orbital angular momentum resonances in helically twisted photonic crystal fiberScience2012337446449

Y. Yue, L. Zhang, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, J. Yang, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. WillnerOctave-spanning supercontinuum generation of vortices in an As2S3 ring photonic crystal fiberOpt. Lett.20123718891891

H. Li, G. Ren, B. Zhu, Y. Gao, B. Yin, J. Wang, and S. JianGuiding terahertz orbital angular momentum beams in multimode Kagome hollow-core fibersOpt. Lett.201742179182

H. Zhang, X. Zhang, H. Li, Y. Deng, X. Zhang, L. Xi, X. Tang, and W. ZhangA design strategy of the circular photonic crystal fiber supporting good quality orbital angular momentum mode transmissionOpt. Commun.20173975966

Z. Hu, Y. Huang, A. Luo, H. Cui, Z. Luo, and W. XuPhotonic crystal fiber for supporting 26 orbital angular momentum modesOpt. Express2016241728517291

G. Zhou, G. Zhou, C. Chen, M. Xu, C. Xia, and Z. HouDesign and analysis of a microstructure ring fiber for orbital angular momentum transmissionIEEE Photon. J.20168112

H. Zhang, W. Zhang, L. Xi, X. Tang, X. Zhang, and X. ZhangA new type circular photonic crystal fiber for orbital angular momentum mode transmissionIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20162814261429

C. Fu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, Z. Bai, J. He, C. Liao, Y. Zhang, F. Zhang, B. Yu, S. Gao, Z. Li, and Y. WangHigh-order orbital angular momentum mode generator based on twisted photonic crystal fiberOpt. Lett.20184317861789

Z. Hui, Y. Zhang, and A. SolimanMid-infrared dual-rhombic air hole GE20Sb15Se65 chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and high nonlinearityCeram. Int.2018441038310392

Z. Hui and J. ZhangDemonstration of 100 Gbit/s optical time-division demultiplexing with 1-to-4 wavelength multicasting using the cascaded four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fiber with a single control light sourceMicrow. Opt. Technol. Lett.20145623302335

H. Zhang, X. Zhang, H. Li, Y. Deng, L. Xi, X. Tang, and W. ZhangThe orbital angular momentum modes supporting fibers based on the photonic crystal fiber structureCrystals20177286

X. Zhao, G. Zhou, S. Li, Z. Liu, D. Wei, Z. Hou, and L. HouPhotonic crystal fiber for dispersion compensationAppl. Opt.20084751905196

M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Chariton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, and M. C. NettiComplete photonic bandgaps in 12-fold symmetric quasicrystalsNature2000404740743

B. Freedman, G. Bartal, M. Segev, R. Lifshitz, and D. N. ChristoetWave and defect dynamics in nonlinear photonic quasicrystalsNature200644011661169

S. Kim, C. Kee, and J. LeeNovel optical properties of six-fold symmetric photonic quasicrystal fibersOpt. Express2007151322113226

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. Larochelle, and L. A. RuschDesign, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 statesOpt. Express2014222611726127

R. T. Bise and D. J. TrevorSol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterizationProc. OFC/NFOEC Technical Digest. Optical Fiber Communication ConferenceUSA2005Mar.Paper OWL6

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