Abstract

A Scanning Rayleigh Doppler lidar for wind profiling based on a non-polarized beam splitter cube optically contacted FPI is developed for wind measurement from high troposphere to low stratosphere in 5-35 km. Non-polarized beam splitter cube optically contacted to the FPI are used for a stable optical receiver. Zero Doppler shift correction is used to correct for laser or FPI frequency jitter and drift and the timing sequence is designed. Stability of the receiver for Doppler shift discrimination is validated by measuring the transmissions of FPI in different days and analyzed the response functions. The maximal relative wind deviation due to the stability of the optical receiver is about 4.1% and the standard deviation of wind velocity is 1.6% due to the stability. Wind measurement comparison experiments were carried out in Jiuquan (39.741°N, 98.495°E), Gansu province of China in 2015, showing good agreement with radiosonde result data. Continuous wind field observation was performed from October 16th to November 12th and semi-continuous wind field of 19 nights are presented.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. G. BaumgartenDoppler Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the middle atmosphere up to 80 kmAtmos. Meas. Tech.2010315091518
  2. K. Salonen, G. Haase, R. Eresmaa, H. Hohtia, and H. JärvinenaTowards the operational use of Doppler radar radial winds in HIRLAMAtmos. Res.201110190200
  3. D. FrittsGravity wave saturation in the middle atmosphere: A review of theory and observationsRev. Geophys. Space Phys.198422275308
  4. W. Baker, R. Atlas, C. Cardinali, A. Clement, G. Emmitt, B. Gentry, R. Hardesty, E. Källén, M. Kavaya, R. Langland, Z. Ma, M. Masutani, W. McCarty, R. Pierce, Z. Pu, L. Riishojgaard, J. Ryan, S. Tucker, M. Weissmann, and J. YoeLidar measured wind profiles: the missing link in the global observing systemAm. Meteorol. Soc.201410543564
  5. C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, and C. Y. WengEdge technique: theory and application to the lidar measurement of atmospheric windAppl. Opt.19923142024213
  6. B. M. Gentry and C. L. KorbEdge technique for high-accuracy Doppler velocimetryAppl. Opt.19943357705777
  7. C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, and S. X. LiEdge technique Doppler lidar wind measurements with high vertical resolutionAppl. Opt.19973659765983
  8. C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. FlesiaTheory of the double-edge technique for Doppler lidar wind measurementAppl. Opt.19983730973104
  9. C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. FlesiaTheory of the double-edge molecular technique for Doppler lidar wind measurementAppl. Opt.199938432440
  10. C. Flesia, C. L. Korb, and C. HirtDouble-edge molecular measurement of lidar wind profiles at 355 nmOpt. Lett.20002514661468
  11. M. L. Chanin, A. Garnier, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveA Doppler lidar for measuring winds in the middle atmosphereGeophys. Res. Lett.19891612731276
  12. A. Garnier and M. L. ChaninDescription of a Doppler Rayleigh lidar for measuring winds in the middle atmosphereAppl. Phys. B1992553540
  13. C. Souprayen, A. Garnier, A. Hertzog, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveRayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. I. Instrumental setup, validation, and first climatological resultsAppl. Opt.19993824102421
  14. C. Souprayen, A. Garnier, A. Hertzog, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveRayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. II. Mie scattering effect, theory, and calibrationAppl. Opt.19993824222431
  15. C. Tepley, S. Sargoytchev, and C. HinesInitial Doppler Rayleigh lidar results from AreciboGeophys. Res. Lett.199118167170
  16. C. A. Tepley, S. I. Sargoytchev, and R. RojasThe Doppler Rayleigh lidar system at AreciboIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.1993313647
  17. C. TepleyNeutral winds of the middle atmosphere observed at Arecibo using a Doppler Rayleigh lidarJ. Geophys. Res.1994992578125790
  18. B. M. Gentry, H. Chen, and S. X. LiWind measurements with 355-nm molecular Doppler lidarOpt. Lett.20002512311233
  19. D. Rees, M. Vyssogorets, N. P. Meredith, E. Griffin, and Y. ChaxellThe Doppler wind and temperature system of the ALOMAR lidar facility: overview and initial resultsJ. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.19965818271842
  20. U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. AdolfsenThe ALOMAR Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar: Objectives, configuration, and performanceAnn. Geophys.200018815833
  21. A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. IngmannThe atmospheric dynamics mission for global wind field measurementBull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.2005867387
  22. O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. ChaloupyThe airborne demonstrator for the direct-detection Doppler wind lidar ALADIN on ADM-Aeolus. Part I: Instrument design and comparison to satellite instrumentJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.20092625012515
  23. U. Paffrath, C. Lemmerz, O. Reitebuch, B. Witschas, I. Nikolaus, and V. FreudenthalerThe airborne demonstrator for the direct-detection Doppler wind lidar ALADIN on ADM-Aeolus. Part II: Simulations and Rayleigh Receiver Radiometric performanceJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.20092625162530
  24. F. Shen, H. Cha, J. Dong, D. Kim, D. Sun, and S. O. KwonDesign and performance simulation of a molecular Doppler wind lidarChin. Opt. Lett.20097593597
  25. H. Xia, X. Dou, D. Sun, Z. Shu, X. Xue, Y. Han, D. Hu, Y. Han, and T. ChengMid-altitude wind measurements with mobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar incorporating system-level optical frequency control methodOpt. Express2012201528615300
  26. Y. Han, X. Dou, D. Sun, H. Xia, and Z. ShuAnalysis on wind retrieval methods for Rayleigh Doppler lidarOpt. Eng.201453061607
  27. X. Dou, Y. Han, D. Sun, H. Xia, Z. Shu, R. Zhao, M. Shangguan, and J. GuoMobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the stratosphere and lower mesosphereOpt. Express201422A1203A1221
  28. R. Zhao, X. Dou, D. Sun, X. Xue, J. Zheng, Y. Han, T. Chen, G. Wang, and Y. ZhouGravity waves observation of wind field in stratosphere based on a Rayleigh Doppler lidarOpt. Express201624A581A591

Other (28)

G. BaumgartenDoppler Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the middle atmosphere up to 80 kmAtmos. Meas. Tech.2010315091518

K. Salonen, G. Haase, R. Eresmaa, H. Hohtia, and H. JärvinenaTowards the operational use of Doppler radar radial winds in HIRLAMAtmos. Res.201110190200

D. FrittsGravity wave saturation in the middle atmosphere: A review of theory and observationsRev. Geophys. Space Phys.198422275308

W. Baker, R. Atlas, C. Cardinali, A. Clement, G. Emmitt, B. Gentry, R. Hardesty, E. Källén, M. Kavaya, R. Langland, Z. Ma, M. Masutani, W. McCarty, R. Pierce, Z. Pu, L. Riishojgaard, J. Ryan, S. Tucker, M. Weissmann, and J. YoeLidar measured wind profiles: the missing link in the global observing systemAm. Meteorol. Soc.201410543564

C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, and C. Y. WengEdge technique: theory and application to the lidar measurement of atmospheric windAppl. Opt.19923142024213

B. M. Gentry and C. L. KorbEdge technique for high-accuracy Doppler velocimetryAppl. Opt.19943357705777

C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, and S. X. LiEdge technique Doppler lidar wind measurements with high vertical resolutionAppl. Opt.19973659765983

C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. FlesiaTheory of the double-edge technique for Doppler lidar wind measurementAppl. Opt.19983730973104

C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. FlesiaTheory of the double-edge molecular technique for Doppler lidar wind measurementAppl. Opt.199938432440

C. Flesia, C. L. Korb, and C. HirtDouble-edge molecular measurement of lidar wind profiles at 355 nmOpt. Lett.20002514661468

M. L. Chanin, A. Garnier, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveA Doppler lidar for measuring winds in the middle atmosphereGeophys. Res. Lett.19891612731276

A. Garnier and M. L. ChaninDescription of a Doppler Rayleigh lidar for measuring winds in the middle atmosphereAppl. Phys. B1992553540

C. Souprayen, A. Garnier, A. Hertzog, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveRayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. I. Instrumental setup, validation, and first climatological resultsAppl. Opt.19993824102421

C. Souprayen, A. Garnier, A. Hertzog, A. Hauchecorne, and J. PorteneuveRayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. II. Mie scattering effect, theory, and calibrationAppl. Opt.19993824222431

C. Tepley, S. Sargoytchev, and C. HinesInitial Doppler Rayleigh lidar results from AreciboGeophys. Res. Lett.199118167170

C. A. Tepley, S. I. Sargoytchev, and R. RojasThe Doppler Rayleigh lidar system at AreciboIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.1993313647

C. TepleyNeutral winds of the middle atmosphere observed at Arecibo using a Doppler Rayleigh lidarJ. Geophys. Res.1994992578125790

B. M. Gentry, H. Chen, and S. X. LiWind measurements with 355-nm molecular Doppler lidarOpt. Lett.20002512311233

D. Rees, M. Vyssogorets, N. P. Meredith, E. Griffin, and Y. ChaxellThe Doppler wind and temperature system of the ALOMAR lidar facility: overview and initial resultsJ. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.19965818271842

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. AdolfsenThe ALOMAR Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar: Objectives, configuration, and performanceAnn. Geophys.200018815833

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. IngmannThe atmospheric dynamics mission for global wind field measurementBull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.2005867387

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. ChaloupyThe airborne demonstrator for the direct-detection Doppler wind lidar ALADIN on ADM-Aeolus. Part I: Instrument design and comparison to satellite instrumentJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.20092625012515

U. Paffrath, C. Lemmerz, O. Reitebuch, B. Witschas, I. Nikolaus, and V. FreudenthalerThe airborne demonstrator for the direct-detection Doppler wind lidar ALADIN on ADM-Aeolus. Part II: Simulations and Rayleigh Receiver Radiometric performanceJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.20092625162530

F. Shen, H. Cha, J. Dong, D. Kim, D. Sun, and S. O. KwonDesign and performance simulation of a molecular Doppler wind lidarChin. Opt. Lett.20097593597

H. Xia, X. Dou, D. Sun, Z. Shu, X. Xue, Y. Han, D. Hu, Y. Han, and T. ChengMid-altitude wind measurements with mobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar incorporating system-level optical frequency control methodOpt. Express2012201528615300

Y. Han, X. Dou, D. Sun, H. Xia, and Z. ShuAnalysis on wind retrieval methods for Rayleigh Doppler lidarOpt. Eng.201453061607

X. Dou, Y. Han, D. Sun, H. Xia, Z. Shu, R. Zhao, M. Shangguan, and J. GuoMobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the stratosphere and lower mesosphereOpt. Express201422A1203A1221

R. Zhao, X. Dou, D. Sun, X. Xue, J. Zheng, Y. Han, T. Chen, G. Wang, and Y. ZhouGravity waves observation of wind field in stratosphere based on a Rayleigh Doppler lidarOpt. Express201624A581A591

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.