Abstract

Terahertz (THz) wave generation by periodically poled BaTiO3 (PPBT) with a quasi-phase-matching (QPM) scheme based on cascaded difference-frequency generation (DFG) is theoretically analyzed. The cascaded DFG processes comprise cascaded Stokes and anti-Stokes processes. The calculated results indicate that the cascaded Stokes processes are stronger than the cascaded anti-Stokes processes. Compared to a noncascaded Stokes process, THz intensities from 20th-order cascaded Stokes processes increase by a factor of 30. THz waves with a maximum intensity of 0.37 MW/mm2 can be generated by 20th-order cascaded DFG processes when the optical intensity is 10 MW/mm2, corresponding to a quantum conversion efficiency of 1033%. The high quantum conversion efficiency of 1033% exceeds the Manley-Rowe limit, which indicates that PPBT is an excellent crystal for THz wave generation via cascaded DFG.

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  30. A. R. Johnston and J. M. WeingartDetermination of the low-frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3J. Opt. Soc. Am.196555828834
  31. I. Shoji, T. Kondo, and R. ItoSecond-order nonlinear susceptibilities of various dielectric and semiconductor materialsOpt. Quantum Electron.200234797833
  32. G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, M. A. Pollack, and E. H. TurnerMicrowave nonlinear susceptibilities due to electronic and ionic anharmonicities in acentric crystalsPhys. Rev. Lett.197126387390

Other (32)

Y. J. DingProgress in terahertz sources based on difference-frequency generation [Invited]J. Opt. Soc. Am. B20143126962711

A. Majkić, M. Zgonik, A. Petelin, M. Jazbinšek, B. Ruiz, C. Medrano, and P. GünterTerahertz source at 9.4 THz based on a dual-wavelength infrared laser and quasi-phase matching in organic crystals OH1Appl. Phys. Lett.2014105141115

B. Dolasinski, P. E. Powers, J. W. Haus, and Adam CooneyTunable narrow band difference frequency THz wave generation in DAST via dual seed PPLN OPGOpt. Express20152336693680

K. Saito, T. Tanabe, and Y. OyamaDesign of a GaP/Si composite waveguide for CW terahertz wave generation via difference frequency mixingAppl. Opt.20145335873592

K. Ravi, M. Hemmer, G. Cirmi, F. Reichert, D. N. Schimpf, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. KärtnerCascaded parametric amplification for highly efficient terahertz generationOpt. lett.20164138063809

P. Liu, D. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Li, K. Zhong, Y. Wang, and J. YaoCoupled-mode theory for Cherenkov-type guided-wave terahertz generation via cascaded difference frequency generationJ. Lightw. Technol.20133125082514

A. J. Lee and H. M. PaskCascaded stimulated polariton scattering in a Mg:LiNbO3 terahertz laserOpt. Express20152386878698

K. Saito, T. Tanabe, and Y. OyamaCascaded terahertz-wave generation efficiency in excess of the Manley-Rowe limit using a cavity phase-matched optical parametric oscillatorJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B201532617621

G. Cirmi, M. Hemmer, K. Ravi, F. Reichert, L. E. Zapata, A. L. Calendron, H. Cankaya, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, and F. X. KärtnerCascaded second-order processes for the efficient generation of narrowband terahertz radiationJ. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys.201750044002

W. Shi and Y. J. DingContinuously tunable and coherent terahertz radiation by means of phase-matched difference-frequency generation in zinc germanium phosphideAppl. Phys. Lett.200383848850

W. Shi and Y. J. DingGeneration of backward terahertz waves in GaSe crystalsOpt. Lett.20053018611863

H. Uchida, S. R. Tripathi, K. Suizu, T. Shibuya, T. Osumi, and K. KawaseWidely tunable broadband terahertz radiation generation using a configurationally locked polyene 2-[3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-5, 5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene] malononitrile crystal via difference frequency generationAppl. Phys. B2013111489493

K. L. VodopyanovOptical THz-wave generation with periodically-inverted GaAsLaser Photon. Rev.200821115

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. KimuraTunable THz wave generation in the 3- to 7-THz region from GaPAppl. Phys. Lett.200383237239

T. Taniuchi and H. NakanishiContinuously tunable tera-hertz-wave generation in GaP crystal by collinear difference frequency mixingElectron. Lett.200440327328

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. ItoTerahertz-wave surface-emitted difference frequency generation in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3 crystalAppl. Phys. Lett.20028133233325

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. ZotovaPower scaling of widely-tunable monochromatic terahertz radiation by stacking high-resistivity GaP platesAppl. Phys. Lett.201096031101

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. ZotovaPower scaling of coherent terahertz pulses by stacking GaAs wafersAppl. Phys. Lett.200893241102

H. Jang, A. Viotti, G. Strömqvist, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and V. PasiskeviciusCounter-propagating parametric interaction with phonon-polaritons in periodically poled KTiOPO4Opt. Express20172526772686

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and P. SchunemannRefractive index measurements of barium titanate from .4 to 5.0 microns and implications for periodically poled frequency conversion devicesMRS Online Proc. Libr. Arch.1997484537541

D. N. NikogosyanNonlinear optical crystals: a complete surveySpringer Science & Business Media2006

T. F. Boggess, J. O. White, and G. C. ValleyTwo-photon absorption and anisotropic transient energy transfer in BaTiO3 with 1-psec excitationJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B1990722552258

A. Pinczuk, W. Taylor, E. Burstein, and I. LefkowitzThe Raman spectrum of BaTiO3Solid State Commun.19675429433

A. Scalabrin, A. S. Chaves, D. S. Shim, and S. P. S. PortoTemperature dependence of the A1 and E optical phonons in BaTiO3Phys. Status Solidi B197779731742

J. A. Sanjurjo, R. S. Katiyar, and S. P. S. PortoTemperature dependence of dipolar modes in ferroeiectric BaTiO3 by infrared studiesPhys. Rev. B19802223962403

S. S. SussmanTunable light scattering from transverse optical modes in lithium niobateStanford UniversityStanford, California1970Microwave Laboratory Report No. 1851

S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and L. A. PomeranzPeriodically poled Barium Titanate as a new nonlinear optical materialAdv. Solid-State Lasers1999Trends Opt. Photonics Ser. MD1

A. YarivQuantum Electronics3rd edWiley1988Chapter 16

W. D. Johnston and I. P. KaminowContributions to optical nonlinearity in GaAs as determined from Raman scattering efficienciesPhys. Rev.196918812091211

A. R. Johnston and J. M. WeingartDetermination of the low-frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3J. Opt. Soc. Am.196555828834

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, and R. ItoSecond-order nonlinear susceptibilities of various dielectric and semiconductor materialsOpt. Quantum Electron.200234797833

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, M. A. Pollack, and E. H. TurnerMicrowave nonlinear susceptibilities due to electronic and ionic anharmonicities in acentric crystalsPhys. Rev. Lett.197126387390

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