Abstract

Opto-acoustic systems provide structural and functional information regarding biological tissues. Conventional opto-acoustic systems typically employ continuous or pulsed lasers as transmission sources. Compared to lasers, light emitting diodes (LEDs) are cost-effective and relatively portable excitation sources but are non, coherent. Therefore, in this study, a relatively low cost lens - a type of Ramsden eyepiece - was specially designed to theoretically calculate the illumination and achieve a constant brightness across the pupil of an eye. In order to verify the capability of the developed light-emitting diode-acoustic (LEDA) systems, we carried out experiments on bovine and bigeye tuna eyeball samples, which are of similar size to the human eye, using low frequency (10 MHz) and high frequency (25 MHz) ultrasound transducers. High frequency ultrasound transducers are able to provide higher spatial resolution compared to low frequency ultrasound transducers at the expense of penetration depth. Using the 10 MHz and 25 MHz ultrasound transducers, acceptable echo signals (3.82, 3.94, and 5.84 mV at 10 MHz and 282, 1557, 2356 mV at 25 MHz) from depth greater than 3 cm and 6 cm from the anterior surface of the eye were obtained. We thereby confirmed that the LEDA system using a pulsed LED with the designed Ramsden eyepiece lens, used in conjunction with low and high frequency ultrasound transducers, has the potential to be a cost-effective alternative method, while providing adequate acoustic signals from bovine and bigeye tuna ocular areas.

© 2018 Optical Society of Korea

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2016 (1)

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Liu, R. Wen, Y. Li, C. A. Puliafito, H. F. Zhang, and S. Jiao, “Optical coherence photoacoustic microscopy for in vivo multimodal retinal imaging,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1370-1373 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

W.-K. Jo and R. J. Tayade, “New generation energy-efficient light source for photocatalysis: LEDs for environmental applications,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53(6), 2073-2084 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. U. Lee, “A study for an analytic conversion between equivalent lenses,” Korean J. Opt. Photon. 23(1), 17-22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

2011 (1)

K. K. Shung, “Diagnostic ultrasound: past, present, and future,” J. Med. Biol. Eng. 31(6), 371-374 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Petschke and P. J. La Rivière, “Comparison of intensity-modulated continuous-wave lasers with a chirped modulation frequency to pulsed lasers for photoacoustic imaging applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(4), 1188-1195 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. L. Lizzi and D. J. Coleman, “History of ophthalmic ultrasound,” J. Ultrasound Med. 23(10), 1255-1266 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barrera, F. J.

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cannata, J. M.

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chan, M.-C.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, F.-Y.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

Chi, C.-K.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coleman, D. J.

F. L. Lizzi and D. J. Coleman, “History of ophthalmic ultrasound,” J. Ultrasound Med. 23(10), 1255-1266 (2004).
[Crossref]

Forsberg, F.

F. W. Kremkau and F. Forsberg, Sonography Principles and Instruments (Elsevier Health Sciences, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2015).

Fu Keung, T.

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geng, H.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gessmann, T.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley Online Library, Hoboken, NJ, 2005).

Guo, J.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, C.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, Z.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

Herzberger, M.

M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (Interscience Publisher, New York, 1958).

Hoskins, P. R.

P. R. Hoskins, K. Martin, and A. Thrush, Diagnostic Ultrasound: Physics and Equipment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2010).

Huang, Y.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ji, X.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiao, S.

Jo, W.-K.

W.-K. Jo and R. J. Tayade, “New generation energy-efficient light source for photocatalysis: LEDs for environmental applications,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53(6), 2073-2084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, U.

J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. H.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

Kim, J.

J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley Online Library, Hoboken, NJ, 2005).

Kosec, M.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kremkau, F. W.

F. W. Kremkau and F. Forsberg, Sonography Principles and Instruments (Elsevier Health Sciences, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2015).

La Rivière, P. J.

Lee, C.-K.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.

J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. U.

J. U. Lee, “A study for an analytic conversion between equivalent lenses,” Korean J. Opt. Photon. 23(1), 17-22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.-J.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lei, S.

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

Li, Y.

Liu, T.

Liu, X.

Lizzi, F. L.

F. L. Lizzi and D. J. Coleman, “History of ophthalmic ultrasound,” J. Ultrasound Med. 23(10), 1255-1266 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

Macdonald, J.

P. Mouroulis and J. Macdonald, Geometrical Optics and Optical Design (Oxford University Press, USA, New York, NJ, 1997).

Mahajan, V. N.

V. N. Mahajan, Optical Imaging and Aberrations: Part I:Ray Geometrical Optics (Bellingham: SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, Washington, SE, 1998).

Martin, K.

P. R. Hoskins, K. Martin, and A. Thrush, Diagnostic Ultrasound: Physics and Equipment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2010).

Mimun, L. C.

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mouroulis, P.

P. Mouroulis and J. Macdonald, Geometrical Optics and Optical Design (Oxford University Press, USA, New York, NJ, 1997).

Pedrotti, F. L.

F. L. Pedrotti and L. S. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics, Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA (1993).

Pedrotti, L. S.

F. L. Pedrotti and L. S. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics, Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA (1993).

Petschke, A.

Puliafito, C. A.

Ritter, T. A.

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sample, P. A.

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sardar, D. K.

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley Online Library, Hoboken, NJ, 2005).

Schuman, J. S.

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sharma, P.

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shung, K. K.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

K. K. Shung, “Diagnostic ultrasound: past, present, and future,” J. Med. Biol. Eng. 31(6), 371-374 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. K. Shung, Diagnostic Ultrasound: Imaging and Blood Flow Measurements (Boca Raton, FL, Taylor & Francis, 2006).

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (Tata McGraw-Hill Education, Noida, 1966).

Szabo, T. L.

T. L. Szabo, Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging: Inside Out (Elsevier Academic Press, London, UK, 2013).

Tayade, R. J.

W.-K. Jo and R. J. Tayade, “New generation energy-efficient light source for photocatalysis: LEDs for environmental applications,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53(6), 2073-2084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thrush, A.

P. R. Hoskins, K. Martin, and A. Thrush, Diagnostic Ultrasound: Physics and Equipment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2010).

Tsai, M.-T.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsin, A. T. C.

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. V.

L. V. Wang, Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy (CRC press, Boca Raton, FL, 2009).

Wang, Z.-Y.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, Q.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wei, W.

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

Weibao, Q.

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, R.

Williams, J. A.

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, F.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.-H.

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yanyan, Y.

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, G.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yust, B. G.

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zangwill, L. M.

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. F.

Zheng, F.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

Zheng, H.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q.

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

J. M. Cannata, J. A. Williams, Q. Zhou, T. A. Ritter, and K. K. Shung, “Development of a 35-MHz piezo-composite ultrasound array for medical imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 53(1), 224-236 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control (1)

Q. Weibao, Y. Yanyan, T. Fu Keung, and S. Lei, “A multifunctional, reconfigurable pulse generator for high-frequency ultrasound imaging,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 59(7), 1558-1567 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (1)

W.-K. Jo and R. J. Tayade, “New generation energy-efficient light source for photocatalysis: LEDs for environmental applications,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53(6), 2073-2084 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1)

Z. He, F. Zheng, Y. Ma, H. H. Kim, Q. Zhou, and K. K. Shung, “A sidelobe suppressing near-field beamforming approach for ultrasound array imaging,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 137(5), 2785-2790 (2015).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

B. Zhu, J. Han, J. Shi, K. K. Shung, Q. Wei, Y. Huang, M. Kosec, and Q. Zhou, “Lift-off PMN-PT thick film for high frequency ultrasonic biomicroscopy,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(10), 2929-2931 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt (1)

X. Li, W. Wei, Q. Zhou, K. K. Shung, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging at 35 and 80 MHz,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106005 (2012).

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K. K. Shung, “Diagnostic ultrasound: past, present, and future,” J. Med. Biol. Eng. 31(6), 371-374 (2011).
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F. L. Lizzi and D. J. Coleman, “History of ophthalmic ultrasound,” J. Ultrasound Med. 23(10), 1255-1266 (2004).
[Crossref]

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J. U. Lee, “A study for an analytic conversion between equivalent lenses,” Korean J. Opt. Photon. 23(1), 17-22 (2012).
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Lasers Med. Sci. (1)

D. K. Sardar, B. G. Yust, F. J. Barrera, L. C. Mimun, and A. T. C. Tsin, “Optical absorption and scattering of bovine cornea, lens and retina in the visible region,” Lasers Med. Sci. 24(6), 839-847 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (2)

F.-Y. Chang, M.-T. Tsai, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-K. Chi, C.-K. Lee, C.-H. Yang, M.-C. Chan, and Y.-J. Lee, “Optical coherence tomography-guided laser microsurgery for blood coagulation with continuous-wave laser diode,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16739 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, J. Guo, C. He, H. Geng, G. Yu, J. Li, H. Zheng, X. Ji, and F. Yan, “Ultrasound triggered image-guided drug delivery to inhibit vascular reconstruction via paclitaxel-loaded microbubbles,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21683 (2016).
[Crossref]

Surv. Ophthalmol. (1)

P. Sharma, P. A. Sample, L. M. Zangwill, and J. S. Schuman, “Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 53(SUPPL1), S17-S32 (2008).
[Crossref]

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J. Kim, D. Lee, U. Jung, and C. Kim, “Photoacoustic imaging platforms for multimodal imaging,” Ultrasonography 34(2), 88 (2015).
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H. Group, “Technical Information and data download, (HOYA GROUP Optics Division) http://www.hoya-opticalworld.com/english/datadownload/index.html,” (2016).

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