Abstract

To measure atmospheric temperature, water vapor, and aerosol simultaneously, an efficient multi-function Raman lidar using an ultraviolet-wavelength laser has been developed. A high-performance spectroscopic box that utilizes multicavity interference filters, mounted sequentially at small angles of incidence, is used to separate the lidar return signals at different wavelengths, and to extract the signals with high efficiency. The external experiments are carried out for simultaneous detection of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, and aerosol extinction coefficient in Beijing, under clear and hazy weather conditions. The vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor, and aerosol extinction coefficient are analyzed. The results show that for an integration time of 5 min and laser energy of 200 mJ, the mean deviation between measurements obtained by lidar and radiosonde is small, and the overall trend is similar. The statistical temperature error for nighttime is below 1 K up to a height of 6.2 km under clear weather conditions, and up to a height of 2.5 km under slightly hazy weather conditions, with 5 min of observation time. An effective range for simultaneous detection of temperature and water vapor of up to 10 km is achieved. The temperature-inversion layer is found in the low troposphere. Continuous observations verify the reliability of Raman lidar to achieve real-time measurement of atmospheric parameters in the troposphere.

© 2018 Optical Society of Korea

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  22. C. T. W. D. L. Bo, C. K. W. Z. G. Yuan, and L. Z. Jun, “A new method for determining aerosol baekscatter coefficient boundary value in the lower troposphere,” Acta Opt. Sin. 6, 3 (2010).
  23. Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

2017 (4)

Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

W. Zhanshan, L. Yunting, L. Qian, W. Lihua, and L. Baoxian, “Analysis on a Dust Pollution Event in Beijing in May, 2017 Based on the Observation of an Atmospheric Supersite,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 28-34 (2017).

W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

2016 (1)

S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

2015 (3)

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Z. Chen, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, W. Liu, and J. Liu, “Haze observations by simultaneous lidar and WPS in Beijing before and during APEC, 2014,” Sci. China Chem. 58, 1385-1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

L. Yunlei, L. Hua, C. Yubao, and G. Yuchun, “Aerosol detection experiment with 532nm lidar based on Fernald method,” Electron. Des. Engimeering 22, 88-90 (2014).

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. H. Pui, S. Chen, and Z. Zuo, “PM2.5 in China: Measurements, sources, visibility and health effects, and mitigation,” Particuology 13, 1-26 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

R. G. Harrison, “Aerosol-induced correlation between visibility and atmospheric electricity,” J. Aerosol Sci. 52, 121-126 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

2010 (1)

C. T. W. D. L. Bo, C. K. W. Z. G. Yuan, and L. Z. Jun, “A new method for determining aerosol baekscatter coefficient boundary value in the lower troposphere,” Acta Opt. Sin. 6, 3 (2010).

2009 (1)

V. Ramanathan and Y. Feng, “Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 37-50 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159-169 (2008).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. Behrendt and T. Nakamura, “Calculation of the calibration constant of polarization lidar and its dependency on atmospheric temperature,” Opt. Express 6, 6587-6595 (2002).

A. Behrendt, T. Nakamura, M. Onishi, R. Baumgart, and T. Tsuda, “Combined Raman lidar for the measurement of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, particle extinction coefficient, and particle backscatter coefficient,” Appl. Opt. 41, 7657-7666 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

O. G, “Pulmonary effects of inhaled ultrafine particles,” Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 74, 1-8 (2001).

1992 (1)

An, J.-L.

Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
[Crossref]

Baobin, C.

W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

Baoxian, L.

W. Zhanshan, L. Yunting, L. Qian, W. Lihua, and L. Baoxian, “Analysis on a Dust Pollution Event in Beijing in May, 2017 Based on the Observation of an Atmospheric Supersite,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 28-34 (2017).

Baozhu, G. E.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bardouki, H.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baumgart, R.

Behrendt, A.

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159-169 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Behrendt, T. Nakamura, M. Onishi, R. Baumgart, and T. Tsuda, “Combined Raman lidar for the measurement of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, particle extinction coefficient, and particle backscatter coefficient,” Appl. Opt. 41, 7657-7666 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Behrendt and T. Nakamura, “Calculation of the calibration constant of polarization lidar and its dependency on atmospheric temperature,” Opt. Express 6, 6587-6595 (2002).

Bing, L. I. U.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bo, C. T. W. D. L.

C. T. W. D. L. Bo, C. K. W. Z. G. Yuan, and L. Z. Jun, “A new method for determining aerosol baekscatter coefficient boundary value in the lower troposphere,” Acta Opt. Sin. 6, 3 (2010).

Cao, J. J.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

D. Y. H. Pui, S. Chen, and Z. Zuo, “PM2.5 in China: Measurements, sources, visibility and health effects, and mitigation,” Particuology 13, 1-26 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. D.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, W. Liu, and J. Liu, “Haze observations by simultaneous lidar and WPS in Beijing before and during APEC, 2014,” Sci. China Chem. 58, 1385-1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chuanyao, D.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Chunbo, Z.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Cong, H.

S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

Debin, S. U.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Duan, J.

Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dye, C.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Economou, C.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eleftheriadis, K.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

V. Ramanathan and Y. Feng, “Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 37-50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ferrare, R. A.

Hammann, E.

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, Y. M.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harrison, R. G.

R. G. Harrison, “Aerosol-induced correlation between visibility and atmospheric electricity,” J. Aerosol Sci. 52, 121-126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hongyan, P.

Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

Hu, S.

Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

Hua, L.

L. Yunlei, L. Hua, C. Yubao, and G. Yuchun, “Aerosol detection experiment with 532nm lidar based on Fernald method,” Electron. Des. Engimeering 22, 88-90 (2014).

Huang, R.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huansheng, C.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jianjun, L.

W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

Jianjun, L. I.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jianqing, W.

Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

Jie, L. I.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jihong, W.

Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

Jingjin, M.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Jun, L. Z.

C. T. W. D. L. Bo, C. K. W. Z. G. Yuan, and L. Z. Jun, “A new method for determining aerosol baekscatter coefficient boundary value in the lower troposphere,” Acta Opt. Sin. 6, 3 (2010).

Lazaridis, M.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Le Mounier, F.

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Liakakou, H.

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W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

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D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

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Mian, W.

D. Chuanyao, Y. Liping, W. Mian, M. Jingjin, L. Dong, Z. Chunbo, M. Lei, and W. Lu, “Comprehensive detection of fog and haze process,” Meteorol. Mon. 41, 1525-1530 (2015).

Mihalopoulos, N.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
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W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

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Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

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W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

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M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159-169 (2008).
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V. Ramanathan and Y. Feng, “Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 37-50 (2009).
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H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
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Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

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H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
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Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
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Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

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Wang, P.

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Y. Chen, J.-L. An, J. Lin, Y.-L. Sun, X.-Q. Wang, Z.-F. Wang, and J. Duan, “Observation of nocturnal low-level wind shear and particulate matter in urban Beijing using a Doppler wind lidar,” Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. 10, 411-417 (2017).
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W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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Z. Tao, D. Wu, D. Liu, S. Hu, M. Nie, and B. Shi, “Estimation of aerosol backscatter coefficient error in lidar data processing,” Zhongguo Jiguang (Chinese J. Lasers) 38, 1214001-1214005 (2011).

Wulfmeyer, V.

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
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M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159-169 (2008).
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S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
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S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

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S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
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Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

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Z. Tiemin, W. Jihong, W. Linmao, C. Xueming, W. Jianqing, Z. Xu, and P. Hongyan, “Observations of sodium layer over Beijing and Haikou in july 2012,” Chin. J. Sp. Sci 37, 424-431 (2017).

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W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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W. Zhanshan, L. Yunting, L. Qian, W. Lihua, and L. Baoxian, “Analysis on a Dust Pollution Event in Beijing in May, 2017 Based on the Observation of an Atmospheric Supersite,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 28-34 (2017).

Ždímal, V.

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

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S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
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Z. Chen, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, W. Liu, and J. Liu, “Haze observations by simultaneous lidar and WPS in Beijing before and during APEC, 2014,” Sci. China Chem. 58, 1385-1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Q.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
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Z. Chen, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, W. Liu, and J. Liu, “Haze observations by simultaneous lidar and WPS in Beijing before and during APEC, 2014,” Sci. China Chem. 58, 1385-1392 (2015).
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W. Zhanshan, L. Yunting, L. Qian, W. Lihua, and L. Baoxian, “Analysis on a Dust Pollution Event in Beijing in May, 2017 Based on the Observation of an Atmospheric Supersite,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 28-34 (2017).

S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

Zhaobin, S.

S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

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W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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W. Wei, Y. Nan, S. Yaolong, Z. Zhen, C. Linjun, C. Wenxuan, C. Baobin, F. Qiang, and L. Jianjun, “Application of Mobile Lidar in Analying Regional Pollutants Transportation During a Haze Episode over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Aera,” Environ. Monit. China 33, 7-13 (2017).

Zhou, Y. Q.

S. Xiao, Q. Y. Wang, J. J. Cao, R. Huang, W. D. Chen, Y. M. Han, H. M. Xu, S. X. Liu, Y. Q. Zhou, P. Wang, J. Q. Zhang, and C. L. Zhan, “Long-term trends in visibility and impacts of aerosol composition on visibility impairment in Baoji, China,” Atmos. Res. 149, 88-95 (2014).
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Zifa, W.

W. Zifa, L. I. Jie, W. Zhe, Y. Wenyi, T. Xiao, G. E. Baozhu, Y. A. N. Pinzhong, Z. H. U. Lili, C. Xueshun, C. Huansheng, W. Wei, L. I. Jianjun, L. I. U. Bing, W. Xiaoyan, W. Wei, Z. Yilin, L. U. Ning, and S. U. Debin, “Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 57, 3-13 (2014).
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Ziming, L.

S. Zhaobin, L. Xiaonong, W. Zhanshan, L. Ziming, Z. Xiujuan, and H. Cong, “Scavenging effect of rime and east wind on PM2.5 under air heavy pollution in Beijing,” Environ. Sci. 37, 4-10 (2016).

Zuo, Z.

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Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

C. T. W. D. L. Bo, C. K. W. Z. G. Yuan, and L. Z. Jun, “A new method for determining aerosol baekscatter coefficient boundary value in the lower troposphere,” Acta Opt. Sin. 6, 3 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (2)

M. Radlach, A. Behrendt, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields Scanning rotational Raman lidar at 355 nm for the measurement of tropospheric temperature fields,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 159-169 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Hammann, A. Behrendt, F. Le Mounier, and V. Wulfmeyer, “Temperature profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer with rotational Raman lidar during the HD (CP) 2,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 2867-2881 (2015).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Environ. (2)

H. Bardouki, H. Liakakou, C. Economou, J. Sciare, J. Smolík, V. Ždímal, K. Eleftheriadis, M. Lazaridis, C. Dye, and N. Mihalopoulos, “Chemical composition of size-resolved atmospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean during summer and winter,” Atmos. Environ. 37, 195-208 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Ramanathan and Y. Feng, “Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 37-50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett. (1)

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