Abstract

Here we report a technique of laser chromosome welding that uses a violet pulse laser micro-beam for welding. The technique can integrate any size of a desired chromosome fragment into recipient chromosomes by combining with other techniques of laser chromosome manipulation such as chromosome cutting, moving, and stretching. We demonstrated that our method could perform chromosomal modifications with high precision, speed and ease of use in the absence of restriction enzymes, DNA ligases and DNA polymerases. Unlike the conventional methods such as de novo artificial chromosome synthesis, our method has no limitation on the size of the inserted chromosome fragment. The inserted DNA size can be precisely defined and the processed chromosome can retain its intrinsic structure and integrity. Therefore, our technique provides a high quality alternative approach to directed genetic recombination, and can be used for chromosomal repair, removal of defects and artificial chromosome creation. The technique may also have applicability on the manipulation and extension of large pieces of synthetic DNA.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2016 (2)

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Huang and Y.-X. Huang, “Optical force of a TEM00 light beam on a sphere with refractive index less than its surrounding medium,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11(3), 542–546 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

P. Horvath and R. Barrangou, “CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea,” Science 327(5962), 167–170 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

J. Basu and H. F. Willard, “Artificial and engineered chromosomes: non-integrating vectors for gene therapy,” Trends Mol. Med. 11(5), 251–258 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

2001 (1)

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. He, Y. Liu, M. Smith, and M. W. Berns, “Laser microdissection for generation of a human chromosome region specific library,” Microsc. Microanal. 3, 47–52 (1997).

1995 (1)

L. S. Bass and M. R. Treat, “Laser Tissue Welding: A Comprehensive Review of Current and Future Clinical Applications,” Lasers Surg. Med. 17(4), 315–349 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. O. Greulich, “Chromosome microtechnology: microdissection and microcloning,” Trends Biotechnol. 10(1-2), 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

J. S. Taylor and A. Roberts, “The early development of the primary sensory neurones in an amphibian embryo: a scanning electron microscope study,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 75, 49–66 (1983).
[PubMed]

1979 (1)

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

M. W. Berns, “The laser microbeam as a probe for chromatin structure and function,” Methods Cell Biol. 18, 277–294 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aguadé, M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, W. W.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, J. J.

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annaluru, N.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asan, Y.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auvil, L.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babatz, T.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bader, J. S.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrangou, R.

P. Horvath and R. Barrangou, “CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea,” Science 327(5962), 167–170 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, J. C.

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bass, L. S.

L. S. Bass and M. R. Treat, “Laser Tissue Welding: A Comprehensive Review of Current and Future Clinical Applications,” Lasers Surg. Med. 17(4), 315–349 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basu, J.

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
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J. Basu and H. F. Willard, “Artificial and engineered chromosomes: non-integrating vectors for gene therapy,” Trends Mol. Med. 11(5), 251–258 (2005).
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Beckett, A. J.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berns, M. W.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
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M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. He, Y. Liu, M. Smith, and M. W. Berns, “Laser microdissection for generation of a human chromosome region specific library,” Microsc. Microanal. 3, 47–52 (1997).

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Berns, “The laser microbeam as a probe for chromatin structure and function,” Methods Cell Biol. 18, 277–294 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhutkar, A.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blake, W. J.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boeke, A. C.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boeke, J. D.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, D. G.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Q.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capitanu, B.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cernohorska, H.

R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandrasegaran, S.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Chen, Z.-H.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Cheng, S.

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, L. K.

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Compitello, G.

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coombes, C. E.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Copeland, N. G.

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Costantino, N.

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Court, D. L.

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cremer, C.

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cremer, T.

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, J.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dang, B.-Y.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Datta, S.

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiTizio, T.

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duquette, M. L.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dymond, J. S.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Earnshaw, W. C.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edwards, K.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, H. M.

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erliandri, I.

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferraro-Gideon, J.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forer, A.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, S.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, A. C. L.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, R. L.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gelbart, W. M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goodman, J.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gottschling, D. E.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
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Greulich, K. O.

K. O. Greulich, “Chromosome microtechnology: microdissection and microcloning,” Trends Biotechnol. 10(1-2), 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hammer-Wilson, M.

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartigan, J.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, W.

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, W. Y.

W. Y. He, Y. Liu, M. Smith, and M. W. Berns, “Laser microdissection for generation of a human chromosome region specific library,” Microsc. Microanal. 3, 47–52 (1997).

Hiratsuka, M.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
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Hironaka, A.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hobza, R.

R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horvath, P.

P. Horvath and R. Barrangou, “CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea,” Science 327(5962), 167–170 (2010).
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Hu, J.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Hu, Z.-M.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Huang, J.

J. Huang and Y.-X. Huang, “Optical force of a TEM00 light beam on a sphere with refractive index less than its surrounding medium,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11(3), 542–546 (2011).
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Huang, Y. X.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
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Huang, Y.-X.

J. Huang and Y.-X. Huang, “Optical force of a TEM00 light beam on a sphere with refractive index less than its surrounding medium,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11(3), 542–546 (2011).
[Crossref]

Iida, Y.

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Jenkins, N. A.

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
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Jiangh, S.-M.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Kakeda, M.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
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Kakitani, M.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
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Kang, L. L.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kashihara, K.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
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Kasprzak, J.

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Kataoka, E.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Katoh, M.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
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Kaufman, T. C.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Kecik, D.

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Kecik, M.

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Kim, J.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
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Kim, J.-H.

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Kim, T.-A.

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Kononenko, A.

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Kouprina, N.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
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J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Kouprina, N. Y.

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

Kuroiwa, Y.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
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Lapoint, R. T.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Larionov, V.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
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J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Larkin, D. M.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
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Lee, E.-C.

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
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R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
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Lewin, H. A.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
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Li, G. C.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Li, W. C.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
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H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
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Lindstrom, D. L.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
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Liu, W. J.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
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Liu, X.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Lozovsky, E. R.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Lu, S. P.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Luo, M.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
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Ma, J.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
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Machado, C. A.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Markow, T. A.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Masumoto, H.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Matsuda, M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Matzkin, L. M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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McAllister, B. F.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Meng, Z. D.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Miller, K.

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
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Molina, O.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
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Monajembashi, S.

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
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C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Muller, H.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
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Murata, M.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
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Nagaki, K.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
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Nagata, K.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakano, M.

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
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Noor, M. A. F.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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O’Grady, P. M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Oshimura, M.

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papaceit, M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Podniesinski, D.

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Prior, I. A.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Profeta, G. A.

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, L. K.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richards, S.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Richardson, S. M.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rieger, T. T.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, A.

J. S. Taylor and A. Roberts, “The early development of the primary sensory neurones in an amphibian embryo: a scanning electron microscope study,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 75, 49–66 (1983).
[PubMed]

Rohde, C.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubes, J.

R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russo, S. M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samejima, I.

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, H.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schaeffer, S. W.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwerzmann, J. W.

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segarra, C.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Sheykhani, R.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
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Shi, R.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Shibata, F.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
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Siemens, A.

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
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Smith, D. R.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Smith, M.

W. Y. He, Y. Liu, M. Smith, and M. W. Berns, “Laser microdissection for generation of a human chromosome region specific library,” Microsc. Microanal. 3, 47–52 (1997).

Smith, T. F.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strelets, V.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Stromberg, G.

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
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Tadir, Y.

M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
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Taylor, J. S.

J. S. Taylor and A. Roberts, “The early development of the primary sensory neurones in an amphibian embryo: a scanning electron microscope study,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 75, 49–66 (1983).
[PubMed]

Tobari, Y. N.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
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Tomimura, Y.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomizuka, K.

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. S. Bass and M. R. Treat, “Laser Tissue Welding: A Comprehensive Review of Current and Future Clinical Applications,” Lasers Surg. Med. 17(4), 315–349 (1995).
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Tromberg, B.

M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tromberg, B. J.

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valente, V. L. S.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Bokkelen, G.

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vyskot, B.

R. Hobza, M. Lengerova, H. Cernohorska, J. Rubes, and B. Vyskot, “FAST-FISH with laser beam microdissected DOP-PCR probe distinguishes the sex chromosomes of Silene latifolia,” Chromosome Res. 12(3), 245–250 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walter, R. J.

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Wasserman, M.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, T.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willard, H. F.

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Basu and H. F. Willard, “Artificial and engineered chromosomes: non-integrating vectors for gene therapy,” Trends Mol. Med. 11(5), 251–258 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, R.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolfrum, J.

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, W. H.

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z. J.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, W.-B.

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Yokota, E.

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshida, K.

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, D.

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zajac, A.

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Zhang, F. J.

C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, X. J.

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Q.

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Bot. Sin. (1)

Z.-M. Hu, H. Wang, R. Shi, B.-Y. Dang, J. Hu, W.-B. Yin, Y.-H. Chen, S.-M. Jiangh, and Z.-H. Chen, “Microdissection and Construction of Region-specific DNA Libraries of Wheat Chromosome 6B,” Acta Bot. Sin. 46, 1357–1365 (2004).

Biopolymers (1)

L. L. Kang, Y. X. Huang, W. J. Liu, X. J. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, and M. Luo, “Confocal Raman Microscopy on Single Living Young and Old Erythrocytes,” Biopolymers 89(11), 951–959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

BMC Biotechnol. (1)

J. Basu, G. Compitello, G. Stromberg, H. F. Willard, and G. Van Bokkelen, “Efficient assembly of de novo human artificial chromosomes from large genomic loci,” BMC Biotechnol. 5(1), 21 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. (1)

A. Zajac, D. Podniesinski, D. Kecik, M. Kecik, and J. Kasprzak, “Real-time control procedures for laser welding of biological tissues,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Tech. Sci. 56, 139–146 (2008).

Cancer Res. (1)

T.-A. Kim, Y. Iida, M. Oshimura, M. Nakano, and N. Y. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Cancer Res. 73, 1158 (2013).

Chromosoma (1)

M. W. Berns, L. K. Chong, M. Hammer-Wilson, K. Miller, and A. Siemens, “Genetic microsurgery by laser: Establishment of a clonal population of rat kangaroo cells (PTK2) with a directed deficiency in a chromosomal nucleolar organizer,” Chromosoma 73(1), 1–8 (1979).
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C. H. Mu, Y. Yang, F. J. Zhang, W. C. Li, S. P. Lu, Z. D. Meng, X. Liu, and G. C. Li, “Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of the maize inbred line Qi319,” Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 16(1), 22–27 (2016).
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Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Huang and Y.-X. Huang, “Optical force of a TEM00 light beam on a sphere with refractive index less than its surrounding medium,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11(3), 542–546 (2011).
[Crossref]

Exp. Cell Res. (2)

H. Liang, W. H. Wright, S. Cheng, W. He, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of chromosomes in PTK2 cells using laser microsurgery (optical scalpel) in combination with laser-induced optical force (optical tweezers),” Exp. Cell Res. 204(1), 110–120 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Monajembashi, C. Cremer, T. Cremer, J. Wolfrum, and K. O. Greulich, “Microdissection of Human Chromosomes by a Laser Microbeam,” Exp. Cell Res. 167(1), 262–265 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gene Ther. (1)

M. Kakeda, M. Hiratsuka, K. Nagata, Y. Kuroiwa, M. Kakitani, M. Katoh, M. Oshimura, and K. Tomizuka, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector provides long-term therapeutic transgene expression in normal human primary fibroblasts,” Gene Ther. 12(10), 852–856 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genetics (1)

S. W. Schaeffer, A. Bhutkar, B. F. McAllister, M. Matsuda, L. M. Matzkin, P. M. O’Grady, C. Rohde, V. L. S. Valente, M. Aguadé, W. W. Anderson, K. Edwards, A. C. L. Garcia, J. Goodman, J. Hartigan, E. Kataoka, R. T. Lapoint, E. R. Lozovsky, C. A. Machado, M. A. F. Noor, M. Papaceit, L. K. Reed, S. Richards, T. T. Rieger, S. M. Russo, H. Sato, C. Segarra, D. R. Smith, T. F. Smith, V. Strelets, Y. N. Tobari, Y. Tomimura, M. Wasserman, T. Watts, R. Wilson, K. Yoshida, T. A. Markow, W. M. Gelbart, and T. C. Kaufman, “Polytene Chromosomal Maps of 11 Drosophila Species: The Order of Genomic Scaffolds Inferred From Genetic and Physical Maps,” Genetics 179(3), 1601–1655 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. (1)

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M. W. Berns, Y. Tadir, H. Liang, and B. Tromberg, “Laser scissors and tweezers,” Methods Cell Biol. 55, 71–98 (1997).
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M. W. Berns, “The laser microbeam as a probe for chromatin structure and function,” Methods Cell Biol. 18, 277–294 (1978).
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W. Y. He, Y. Liu, M. Smith, and M. W. Berns, “Laser microdissection for generation of a human chromosome region specific library,” Microsc. Microanal. 3, 47–52 (1997).

Mol. Biol. Cell (1)

J. Ferraro-Gideon, R. Sheykhani, Q. Zhu, M. L. Duquette, M. W. Berns, and A. Forer, “Measurements of forces produced by the mitotic spindle using optical tweezers,” Mol. Biol. Cell 24(9), 1375–1386 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mol. Cell (1)

D. G. Booth, A. J. Beckett, O. Molina, I. Samejima, H. Masumoto, N. Kouprina, V. Larionov, I. A. Prior, and W. C. Earnshaw, “3D-CLEM Reveals that a Major Portion of Mitotic Chromosomes Is Not Chromatin,” Mol. Cell 64(4), 790–802 (2016).
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Nature (1)

J. S. Dymond, S. M. Richardson, C. E. Coombes, T. Babatz, H. Muller, N. Annaluru, W. J. Blake, J. W. Schwerzmann, J. Dai, D. L. Lindstrom, A. C. Boeke, D. E. Gottschling, S. Chandrasegaran, J. S. Bader, and J. D. Boeke, “Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design,” Nature 477(7365), 471–476 (2011).
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Plant J. (1)

M. Murata, F. Shibata, A. Hironaka, K. Kashihara, S. Fujimoto, E. Yokota, and K. Nagaki, “Generation of an artificial ring chromosome in Arabidopsis by Cre/LoxP-mediated recombination,” Plant J. 74(3), 363–371 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (6)

J.-H. Kim, A. Kononenko, I. Erliandri, T.-A. Kim, M. Nakano, Y. Iida, J. C. Barrett, M. Oshimura, H. Masumoto, W. C. Earnshaw, V. Larionov, and N. Kouprina, “Human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector with a conditional centromere for correction of genetic deficiencies in human cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(50), 20048–20053 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yu, H. M. Ellis, E.-C. Lee, N. A. Jenkins, N. G. Copeland, and D. L. Court, “An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia cola,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(11), 5978–5983 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. M. Ellis, D. Yu, T. DiTizio, and D. L. Court, “High efficiency mutagenesis, repair, and engineering of chromosomal DNA using single-stranded oligonucleotides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(12), 6742–6746 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Datta, N. Costantino, X. Zhou, and D. L. Court, “Identification and analysis of recombineering functions from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their phages,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(5), 1626–1631 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, D. M. Larkin, Q. Cai, Y. Asan, Y. Zhang, R. L. Ge, L. Auvil, B. Capitanu, G. Zhang, H. A. Lewin, and J. Ma, “Reference-assisted chromosome assembly,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(5), 1785–1790 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Berns, W. H. Wright, B. J. Tromberg, G. A. Profeta, J. J. Andrews, and R. J. Walter, “Use of a laser-induced optical force trap to study chromosome movement on the mitotic spindle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86(12), 4539–4543 (1989).
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J. Basu and H. F. Willard, “Artificial and engineered chromosomes: non-integrating vectors for gene therapy,” Trends Mol. Med. 11(5), 251–258 (2005).
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L. Z. Shi, Q. Zhu, T. Wu, M. L. Duquette, V. Gomez, C. Chandsawangbhuwana, M. S. Harsono, N. Hyun, N. Baker, J. Nascimento, Z. You, E. B. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “Integrated Optical Systems for Laser Nanosurgery and Optical Trapping to Study Cell Structure and Function,” in Current Microscopy Contributions to Advances in Science and Technology A. Méndez-Vilas, ed. (Formatex, Badajoz, Spain, 2012), pp. 685–695.

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Video about the entire process of chromosome cutting-moving-welding

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The structure (A) and the setup (B) of the P.A.L.M Micro laser Combisystem equipped with laser scissors, laser tweezers and micromanipulators.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The laser cutting on a chromosome of fruit fly. (A) selecting the incision part on the chromosome before cutting; (B) the chromosome after cutting; (C) the cutting on a chromosomal puff.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The preparation and cutting of a B16 cell chromosome. (A) a B16 cell at the mitosis metaphase; (B) The target cell was held by a micropipette with negative pressure and the cell membrane was cut open by a micro beam laser to release the chromosomes from the cell; (C) Chromosome fragment cut off; (D) the cut chromosome fragment was isolated and moved to a clear environment by the laser tweezers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The incision width (ΔL) and its variation with the cutting energy of laser micro beam. (A) The definition of ΔL: (B) The variation of ΔL with cutting energy.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The suitable combination of exposing energy and time for laser chromosome welding.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The process of cutting ((A) and (B)) and moving ((C) and (D)) a chromosome fragment from a short chromosome of a fruit fly and then welding to a long chromosome of the same fruit fly(D). (E) and (F) illustrate the chromosome after welding by 63 × and 100 × objectives respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The SEM image and Raman spectra of the welding joint of a recombinant chromosome. (A) The SEM image of the welding joint of a recombinant chromosome with the white arrows indicating the boundary of the welding join; (B) The Raman spectra taken from the edge of the welding joint of the recombinant chromosome (a) and a native chromosome without any laser manipulation (b).

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