Abstract

The advances in new techniques for correcting presbyopia, such as a small aperture combined with monovision, require an in-depth study of binocular aspects. In this work, we have studied binocular visual performance of 12 subjects after inducing different degrees of anisocoria combined with two different add powers in the non-dominant eye. We have analysed visual performance in terms of the visual-discrimination capacity (a function to evaluate the strength of bothersome halos) and the contrast-sensitivity. The results show a deterioration of the binocular vision when inducing anisocoria and with any add power, with a higher perception of halos, a lower contrast sensitivity and poorer binocular summation of these visual functions on increasing anisocoria. This deterioration is clinically acceptable in the case of low add power, since positive binocular summation is maintained in contrast sensitivity, and visual discrimination is not altered.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. E. J. Fernández, C. Schwarz, P. M. Prieto, S. Manzanera, and P. Artal, “Impact on stereo-acuity of two presbyopia correction approaches: monovision and small aperture inlay,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(6), 822–830 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Tabernero, C. Schwarz, E. J. Fernández, and P. Artal, “Binocular visual simulation of a corneal inlay to increase depth of focus,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 52(8), 5273–5277 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Tomita and G. O. Waring, “One-year results of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for hyperopic presbyopia: comparison by age,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(1), 152–161 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
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  10. S. D. Klyce, “Night vision disturbances after refractive surgery: haloes are not just for angels,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 91(8), 992–993 (2007).
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  11. J. Tabernero and P. Artal, “Optical modeling of a corneal inlay in real eyes to increase depth of focus: optimum centration and residual defocus,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38(2), 270–277 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. Miles, “Ocular dominance demonstrated by unconscious sighting,” J. Exp. Psychol. 12(2), 113–126 (1929).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. B. D. Stoimenova, “The effect of myopia on contrast thresholds,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(5), 2371–2374 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Pardhan and D. B. Elliott, “Clinical measurements of binocular summation and inhibition in patients with cataract,” Clin. Vis. Sci. 6, 355–359 (1991).
  22. S. Pardhan and J. Gilchrist, “Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 82(3), 239–248 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. S. Pardhan, “A comparison of binocular summation in the peripheral visual field in young and older patients,” Curr. Eye Res. 16(3), 252–255 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, and G. Yoon, “Binocular visual performance and summation after correcting higher order aberrations,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3176–3189 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Monocular versus binocular visual acuity,” Nature 208(5006), 191–192 (1965).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Ocular higher-order aberrations in individuals screened for refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29(10), 1896–1903 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996). Chap. 6.
  31. H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. J. M. Bueno, G. Pérez, A. Benito, and P. Artal, “Impact of scatter on double-pass image quality and contrast sensitivity measured with a single instrument,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(12), 4841–4849 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

M. Tomita and G. O. Waring, “One-year results of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for hyperopic presbyopia: comparison by age,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(1), 152–161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Bueno, G. Pérez, A. Benito, and P. Artal, “Impact of scatter on double-pass image quality and contrast sensitivity measured with a single instrument,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(12), 4841–4849 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

C. Schwarz, S. Manzanera, P. M. Prieto, E. J. Fernández, and P. Artal, “Comparison of binocular through-focus visual acuity with monovision and a small aperture inlay,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(10), 3355–3366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (7)

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Fernández, C. Schwarz, P. M. Prieto, S. Manzanera, and P. Artal, “Impact on stereo-acuity of two presbyopia correction approaches: monovision and small aperture inlay,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(6), 822–830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, and G. Yoon, “Binocular visual performance and summation after correcting higher order aberrations,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3176–3189 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero and P. Artal, “Optical modeling of a corneal inlay in real eyes to increase depth of focus: optimum centration and residual defocus,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38(2), 270–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

J. Tabernero, C. Schwarz, E. J. Fernández, and P. Artal, “Binocular visual simulation of a corneal inlay to increase depth of focus,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 52(8), 5273–5277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

S. D. Klyce, “Night vision disturbances after refractive surgery: haloes are not just for angels,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 91(8), 992–993 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. D. Stoimenova, “The effect of myopia on contrast thresholds,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(5), 2371–2374 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Ocular higher-order aberrations in individuals screened for refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29(10), 1896–1903 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. Pardhan, “A comparison of binocular summation in the peripheral visual field in young and older patients,” Curr. Eye Res. 16(3), 252–255 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. Pardhan and J. Gilchrist, “Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 82(3), 239–248 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

S. Pardhan and D. B. Elliott, “Clinical measurements of binocular summation and inhibition in patients with cataract,” Clin. Vis. Sci. 6, 355–359 (1991).

1965 (1)

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Monocular versus binocular visual acuity,” Nature 208(5006), 191–192 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1929 (1)

W. Miles, “Ocular dominance demonstrated by unconscious sighting,” J. Exp. Psychol. 12(2), 113–126 (1929).
[Crossref]

Alarcón, A.

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anastasakis, A. G.

S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anera, R. G.

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Artal, P.

Bachernegg, A.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benito, A.

Brahma, A.

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bueno, J. M.

Campbell, F. W.

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Monocular versus binocular visual acuity,” Nature 208(5006), 191–192 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castro, J. J.

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charman, W. N.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dexl, A. K.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elliott, D. B.

S. Pardhan and D. B. Elliott, “Clinical measurements of binocular summation and inhibition in patients with cataract,” Clin. Vis. Sci. 6, 355–359 (1991).

Fan-Paul, N. I.

N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernández, E. J.

Florakis, G. J.

N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gatinel, D.

A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giannakopoulou, T.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gicquel, J. J.

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gilchrist, J.

S. Pardhan and J. Gilchrist, “Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 82(3), 239–248 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginis, H. S.

H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grabner, G.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, D. G.

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Monocular versus binocular visual acuity,” Nature 208(5006), 191–192 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hita, E.

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoopes, P. C.

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. H.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Igarashi, A.

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikram, K.

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jell, G.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiménez, J. R.

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiménez Del Barco, L.

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamiya, K.

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keates, R. H.

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klyce, S. D.

S. D. Klyce, “Night vision disturbances after refractive surgery: haloes are not just for angels,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 91(8), 992–993 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobashi, H.

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, D. D.

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Ocular higher-order aberrations in individuals screened for refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29(10), 1896–1903 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Legras, R.

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, L.

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindstrom, R. L.

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacRae, S.

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macrae, S. M.

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manzanera, S.

Martines, E.

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miles, W.

W. Miles, “Ocular dominance demonstrated by unconscious sighting,” J. Exp. Psychol. 12(2), 113–126 (1929).
[Crossref]

Miller, J. S.

N. I. Fan-Paul, J. Li, J. S. Miller, and G. J. Florakis, “Night vision disturbances after corneal refractive surgery,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 47(6), 533–546 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murray, I. J.

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, J. S.

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ortiz, C.

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pallikaris, A.

H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pallikaris, I. G.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pardhan, S.

S. Pardhan, “A comparison of binocular summation in the peripheral visual field in young and older patients,” Curr. Eye Res. 16(3), 252–255 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pardhan and J. Gilchrist, “Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 82(3), 239–248 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pardhan and D. B. Elliott, “Clinical measurements of binocular summation and inhibition in patients with cataract,” Clin. Vis. Sci. 6, 355–359 (1991).

Parry, N. R. A.

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pepose, J. S.

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pérez, G.

Petratou, D.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pisella, P. J.

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plainis, S.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pozo, A. M.

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prieto, P. M.

Radhakrishnan, H.

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reich, C.

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riha, W.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubiño, M.

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rückl, T.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saab, M.

A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saad, A.

A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabesan, R.

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, and G. Yoon, “Binocular visual performance and summation after correcting higher order aberrations,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3176–3189 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwarz, C.

Seyeddain, O.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimizu, K.

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soler, M.

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoimenova, B. D.

B. D. Stoimenova, “The effect of myopia on contrast thresholds,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(5), 2371–2374 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strohmaier, C.

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tabernero, J.

J. Tabernero and P. Artal, “Optical modeling of a corneal inlay in real eyes to increase depth of focus: optimum centration and residual defocus,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38(2), 270–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero, C. Schwarz, E. J. Fernández, and P. Artal, “Binocular visual simulation of a corneal inlay to increase depth of focus,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 52(8), 5273–5277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tahir, H. J.

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tennen, D. G.

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomita, M.

M. Tomita and G. O. Waring, “One-year results of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for hyperopic presbyopia: comparison by age,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(1), 152–161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsilimbaris, M. K.

S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van de Pol, C.

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vandermeer, G.

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vilupuru, S.

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Ocular higher-order aberrations in individuals screened for refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29(10), 1896–1903 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. M.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waring, G. O.

M. Tomita and G. O. Waring, “One-year results of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for hyperopic presbyopia: comparison by age,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(1), 152–161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C. C.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, T.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yanome, K.

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, G.

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, and G. Yoon, “Binocular visual performance and summation after correcting higher order aberrations,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3176–3189 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, A. Y.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheleznyak, L.

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, and G. Yoon, “Binocular visual performance and summation after correcting higher order aberrations,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3176–3189 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y. N.

C. C. Xu, T. Xue, Q. M. Wang, Y. N. Zhou, J. H. Huang, and A. Y. Yu, “Repeatability and reproducibility of a double-pass optical quality analysis device,” PLoS One 10(2), e0117587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Ophthalmol. (1)

G. Vandermeer, R. Legras, J. J. Gicquel, and P. J. Pisella, “Quality of vision with traditional monovision versus modified monovision,” Acta Ophthalmol. 91, S085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

S. Vilupuru, L. Lin, and J. S. Pepose, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and through focus in small-aperture inlay, accommodating intraocular lens, or multifocal intraocular lens subjects,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160(1), 150 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Ergon. (1)

C. Ortiz, J. J. Castro, A. Alarcón, M. Soler, and R. G. Anera, “Quantifying age-related differences in visual-discrimination capacity: drivers with and without visual impairment,” Appl. Ergon. 44(4), 523–531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (4)

BMC Ophthalmol. (1)

H. S. Ginis, S. Plainis, and A. Pallikaris, “Variability of wavefront aberration measurements in small pupil sizes using a clinical Shack-Hartmann aberrometer,” BMC Ophthalmol. 4(1), 1 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Br. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

S. D. Klyce, “Night vision disturbances after refractive surgery: haloes are not just for angels,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 91(8), 992–993 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clin. Exp. Optom. (1)

S. Plainis, A. G. Anastasakis, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “The value of contrast sensitivity in diagnosing central serous chorioretinopathy,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 90(4), 296–298 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clin. Vis. Sci. (1)

S. Pardhan and D. B. Elliott, “Clinical measurements of binocular summation and inhibition in patients with cataract,” Clin. Vis. Sci. 6, 355–359 (1991).

Curr. Eye Res. (1)

S. Pardhan, “A comparison of binocular summation in the peripheral visual field in young and older patients,” Curr. Eye Res. 16(3), 252–255 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. (1)

R. L. Lindstrom, S. M. Macrae, J. S. Pepose, and P. C. Hoopes., “Corneal inlays for presbyopia correction,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 24(4), 281–287 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doc. Ophthalmol. (1)

S. Pardhan and J. Gilchrist, “Binocular contrast summation and inhibition in amblyopia. The influence of the interocular difference on binocular contrast sensitivity,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 82(3), 239–248 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (3)

L. Zheleznyak, R. Sabesan, J. S. Oh, S. MacRae, and G. Yoon, “Modified monovision with spherical aberration to improve presbyopic through-focus visual performance,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3157–3165 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero, C. Schwarz, E. J. Fernández, and P. Artal, “Binocular visual simulation of a corneal inlay to increase depth of focus,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 52(8), 5273–5277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. D. Stoimenova, “The effect of myopia on contrast thresholds,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(5), 2371–2374 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, C. Ortiz, A. Alarcón, and R. G. Anera, “New testing software for quantifying discrimination capacity in subjects with ocular pathologies,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1), 015001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (6)

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Ocular higher-order aberrations in individuals screened for refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29(10), 1896–1903 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Saad, M. Saab, and D. Gatinel, “Repeatability of measurements with a double-pass system,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36(1), 28–33 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero and P. Artal, “Optical modeling of a corneal inlay in real eyes to increase depth of focus: optimum centration and residual defocus,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38(2), 270–277 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tomita and G. O. Waring, “One-year results of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for hyperopic presbyopia: comparison by age,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(1), 152–161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Dexl, G. Jell, C. Strohmaier, O. Seyeddain, W. Riha, T. Rückl, A. Bachernegg, and G. Grabner, “Long-term outcomes after monocular corneal inlay implantation for the surgical compensation of presbyopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 41(3), 566–575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Keates, E. Martines, D. G. Tennen, and C. Reich, “Small-diameter corneal inlay in presbyopic or pseudophakic patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 21(5), 519–521 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Exp. Psychol. (1)

W. Miles, “Ocular dominance demonstrated by unconscious sighting,” J. Exp. Psychol. 12(2), 113–126 (1929).
[Crossref]

J. Ophthalmol. (1)

J. J. Castro, A. M. Pozo, M. Rubiño, R. G. Anera, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Retinal-image quality and night-vision performance after alcohol consumption,” J. Ophthalmol. 2014, 704823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Refract. Surg. (1)

L. Lin, C. van de Pol, S. Vilupuru, and J. S. Pepose, “Contrast sensitivity in patients with emmetropic presbyopia before and after small-aperture inlay implantation,” J. Refract. Surg. 32(6), 386–393 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Monocular versus binocular visual acuity,” Nature 208(5006), 191–192 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (3)

S. Plainis, D. Petratou, T. Giannakopoulou, H. Radhakrishnan, I. G. Pallikaris, and W. N. Charman, “Interocular differences in visual latency induced by reduced-aperture monovision,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 33(2), 123–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Castro, J. R. Jiménez, E. Hita, and C. Ortiz, “Influence of interocular differences in the Strehl ratio on binocular summation,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 370–374 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Tahir, N. R. A. Parry, A. Brahma, K. Ikram, and I. J. Murray, “Contrast sensitivity based orientation changes in refractive surgery patients,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 29(3), 363–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

PLoS One (2)

H. Kobashi, K. Kamiya, K. Yanome, A. Igarashi, and K. Shimizu, “Longitudinal assessment of optical quality and intraocular scattering using the double-pass instrument in normal eyes and eyes with short tear breakup time,” PLoS One 8(12), e82427 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surv. Ophthalmol. (1)

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Other (1)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996). Chap. 6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Mean values of the binocular visual-disturbance index (VDIbin) under natural conditions, with identical artificial pupils in both eyes (4, 3, and 2-mm), and after inducing different anisocorias: dominant eye (DE) with a pupil diameter of 4 mm, combined with pupil diameters in the non-dominant eye (NDE) of 3 and 2 mm; and DE with a pupil of 3 mm and the NDE with a 2-mm pupil. Different combinations of anisocoria with add powers of 0 (No Add), + 0.75 and + 1.25D in the non-dominant eye (NDE) are also presented. Standard errors included. Connections with asterisk (*) on the y-axis indicate that the VDI was significantly lower compared with natural conditions or that there were significant differences comparing two of the three conditions (add power of 0, + 0.75 or + 1.25D).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Average binocular contrast sensitivity with natural pupils, and with an induced anisocoria of 2 mm (artificial pupils of 4 and 2 mm in the dominant eye (DE) and in the non-dominant eye (NDE), respectively), without any add power and with add powers in the NDE of + 0.75 and + 1.25D. Data include the standard error.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Binocular summation for the contrast sensitivity as a function of the interocular differences in the Strehl ratio. Data correspond to the condition DE 4 mm / NDE 2 mm. Standard errors included.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Mean values (standard deviation included) of the RMS of ocular aberrations (spherical, coma, and higher-order aberrations, HOA), MTF cutoff and Strehl ratio, for different pupil diameters

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Table 2 Mean values (standard deviation included) of the monocular and binocular VDI (visual-discrimination index) and CS (contrast sensitivity) for different pupil sizes

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Table 3 Mean values (standard deviation included) of the binocular visual-disturbance index (VDIbin) and contrast sensitivity (CSbin) with different anisocorias and different values of add powers (Add) in the non-dominant eye (NDE). DE: Dominant eye. Binocular summation of the VDI (BSVDI) and of the CSF (BSCSF) are also included.

Equations (3)

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V D I = i = 1 N ( p i r i 2 ) 3 i = 1 N r i 2 .
B S C S F = 1 6 [ i = 0.7 10.7 ( C S F b i n / C S F b e s t _ m o n ) i ] .
B S V D I = V D I b e s t _ m o n V D I b i n .

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