Abstract

Chick embryos are an important animal model for biomedical studies. The visualization of chick embryos, however, is limited mostly to postmortem sectional imaging methods. In this work, we present a dual modality optical imaging system that combines swept-source optical coherence tomography and whole-body photoacoustic tomography, and apply it to image chick embryos at three different development stages. The explanted chick embryos were imaged in toto with complementary contrast from both optical scattering and optical absorption. The results serve as a prelude to the use of the dual modality system in longitudinal whole-body monitoring of chick embryos in ovo.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (7)

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xia and L. V. Wang, “Small-animal whole-body photoacoustic tomography: a review,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 61(5), 1380–1389 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

2013 (4)

2012 (3)

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Keller and H.-U. Dodt, “Light sheet microscopy of living or cleared specimens,” Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 22(1), 138–143 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “k-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 021314 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Martinsen, “Reference guide to the stages of chick heart embryology,” Dev. Dyn. 233(4), 1217–1237 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

T. Hiruma and R. Hirakow, “Formation of the pharyngeal arch arteries in the chick embryo. Observations of corrosion casts by scanning electron microscopy,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 191(5), 415–423 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

V. Hamburger and H. L. Hamilton, “A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo. 1951,” Dev. Dyn. 195(4), 231–272 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

S. N. B. Bone, G. A. P. Johnson, and M. B. D. V. M. P. Thompson, “Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Microscopy of the Developing Chick Embryo,” Invest. Radiol. 21(10), 782–787 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1955 (1)

D. A. T. New, “A new technique for the cultivation of the chick embryo in vitro,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 3, 326–331 (1955).

Ablack, A.

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahlgren, U.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alex, A.

Arganda-Carreras, I.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bader, D. M.

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bain, A.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baldock, R.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnett, J. V.

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basavanhally, A. N.

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beard, P.

Beattie, K.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigelow, M. R.

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bone, S. N. B.

S. N. B. Bone, G. A. P. Johnson, and M. B. D. V. M. P. Thompson, “Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Microscopy of the Developing Chick Embryo,” Invest. Radiol. 21(10), 782–787 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brand-Saberi, B.

M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, P.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnett, J.

Cardona, A.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.-L.

Chudek, S.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chughtai, O. Q.

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cleary, J.

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Costa, L. F.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cox, B.

Cox, B. T.

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “k-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 021314 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunningham, C.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davey, M.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, D.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, G.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delez, R.

Destito, G.

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dodt, H.-U.

P. J. Keller and H.-U. Dodt, “Light sheet microscopy of living or cleared specimens,” Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 22(1), 138–143 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
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A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
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A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
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B. Maurer, S. H. Geyer, and W. J. Weninger, “A chick embryo with a yet unclassified type of cephalothoracopagus malformation and a hypothesis for explaining its genesis,” Anat. Histol. Embryol. 42(3), 191–200 (2013).
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M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
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J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
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W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
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K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
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T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
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W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
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T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
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Kumar, A.

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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Laufer, J.

Leitgeb, R. A.

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
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K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
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Li, X.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
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X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
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Liu, M.

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
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W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
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Longair, M.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
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Lythgoe, M.

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
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X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
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H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
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M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
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Matsui, T.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
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B. Maurer, S. H. Geyer, and W. J. Weninger, “A chick embryo with a yet unclassified type of cephalothoracopagus malformation and a hypothesis for explaining its genesis,” Anat. Histol. Embryol. 42(3), 191–200 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McBride, H.

A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McDonald, L.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, D.

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, C. E.

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, J. W. I.

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mochizuki, A.

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohun, T. J.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morosan-Puopolo, G.

M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, G. B.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
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Nakazato, K.

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
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D. A. T. New, “A new technique for the cultivation of the chick embryo in vitro,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 3, 326–331 (1955).

Nonaka, S.

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
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Norris, F.

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
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Pedley, B.

Perry, P.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
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Pflug, L.

Pietzsch, T.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
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Povazay, B.

Preibisch, S.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
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Rasskin-Gutman, D.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
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Rastogi, P. K.

Reddington, M.

A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ribeiro, I.

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rollins, A. M.

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ross, A.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rueden, C.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saalfeld, S.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salvenmoser, W.

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandrian, M. G.

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scambler, P.

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schindelin, J.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmid, B.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, K.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitner, N.

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sedmera, D.

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharpe, J.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmetz, N. F.

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stelzer, E. H. K.

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stuhlmann, H.

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, D.

Tenent, S.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Theiss, C.

M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomason, R. T.

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. B. D. V. M. P.

S. N. B. Bone, G. A. P. Johnson, and M. B. D. V. M. P. Thompson, “Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Microscopy of the Developing Chick Embryo,” Invest. Radiol. 21(10), 782–787 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, R. P.

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tickle, C.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tinevez, J.-Y.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomancak, P.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Towers, M.

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Treeby, B.

Treeby, B. E.

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “k-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 021314 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trusk, T. C.

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Unterhuber, A.

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

J. Xia and L. V. Wang, “Small-animal whole-body photoacoustic tomography: a review,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 61(5), 1380–1389 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. V. Wang, “Tutorial on Photoacoustic Microscopy and Computed Tomography,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(1), 171–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Watanabe, M.

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, X.

Weninger, W. J.

B. Maurer, S. H. Geyer, and W. J. Weninger, “A chick embryo with a yet unclassified type of cephalothoracopagus malformation and a hypothesis for explaining its genesis,” Anat. Histol. Embryol. 42(3), 191–200 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, D. J.

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, J.

J. Xia and L. V. Wang, “Small-animal whole-body photoacoustic tomography: a review,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 61(5), 1380–1389 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, Z.

Yang, L.

Yang, T.

You, S.

Zabihian, B.

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 1846–1855 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, E.

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Backward-mode multiwavelength photoacoustic scanner using a planar Fabry-Perot polymer film ultrasound sensor for high-resolution three-dimensional imaging of biological tissues,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), 561–577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, E. Z.

Zhang, L.

Zijlstra, A.

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) (2)

W. J. Weninger, S. H. Geyer, T. J. Mohun, D. Rasskin-Gutman, T. Matsui, I. Ribeiro, L. F. Costa, J. C. Izpisúa-Belmonte, and G. B. Müller, “High-resolution episcopic microscopy: a rapid technique for high detailed 3D analysis of gene activity in the context of tissue architecture and morphology,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 211(3), 213–221 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hiruma and R. Hirakow, “Formation of the pharyngeal arch arteries in the chick embryo. Observations of corrosion casts by scanning electron microscopy,” Anat. Embryol. (Berl.) 191(5), 415–423 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anat. Histol. Embryol. (1)

B. Maurer, S. H. Geyer, and W. J. Weninger, “A chick embryo with a yet unclassified type of cephalothoracopagus malformation and a hypothesis for explaining its genesis,” Anat. Histol. Embryol. 42(3), 191–200 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biomed. Opt. Express (4)

Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. (1)

P. J. Keller and H.-U. Dodt, “Light sheet microscopy of living or cleared specimens,” Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 22(1), 138–143 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dev. Dyn. (5)

M. Masyuk, G. Morosan-Puopolo, B. Brand-Saberi, and C. Theiss, “Combination of in ovo electroporation and time-lapse imaging to study migrational events in chicken embryos,” Dev. Dyn. 243(5), 690–698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Ewald, H. McBride, M. Reddington, S. E. Fraser, and R. Kerschmann, “Surface imaging microscopy, an automated method for visualizing whole embryo samples in three dimensions at high resolution,” Dev. Dyn. 225(3), 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Kain, J. W. I. Miller, C. R. Jones-Paris, R. T. Thomason, J. D. Lewis, D. M. Bader, J. V. Barnett, and A. Zijlstra, “The chick embryo as an expanding experimental model for cancer and cardiovascular research,” Dev. Dyn. 243(2), 216–228 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Hamburger and H. L. Hamilton, “A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo. 1951,” Dev. Dyn. 195(4), 231–272 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Martinsen, “Reference guide to the stages of chick heart embryology,” Dev. Dyn. 233(4), 1217–1237 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. V. Wang, “Tutorial on Photoacoustic Microscopy and Computed Tomography,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(1), 171–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. (1)

J. Xia and L. V. Wang, “Small-animal whole-body photoacoustic tomography: a review,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 61(5), 1380–1389 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Invest. Radiol. (1)

S. N. B. Bone, G. A. P. Johnson, and M. B. D. V. M. P. Thompson, “Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Microscopy of the Developing Chick Embryo,” Invest. Radiol. 21(10), 782–787 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Anat. (1)

X. Li, J. Liu, M. Davey, S. Duce, N. Jaberi, G. Liu, G. Davidson, S. Tenent, R. Mahood, P. Brown, C. Cunningham, A. Bain, K. Beattie, L. McDonald, K. Schmidt, M. Towers, C. Tickle, and S. Chudek, “Micro-magnetic resonance imaging of avian embryos,” J. Anat. 211(6), 798–809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (5)

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Jenkins, O. Q. Chughtai, A. N. Basavanhally, M. Watanabe, and A. M. Rollins, “In vivo gated 4D imaging of the embryonic heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 030505 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Laufer, F. Norris, J. Cleary, E. Zhang, B. Treeby, B. Cox, P. Johnson, P. Scambler, M. Lythgoe, and P. Beard, “In vivo photoacoustic imaging of mouse embryos,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(6), 061220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Drexler, M. Liu, A. Kumar, T. Kamali, A. Unterhuber, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 071412 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “k-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 021314 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. (1)

D. A. T. New, “A new technique for the cultivation of the chick embryo in vitro,” J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 3, 326–331 (1955).

Microsc. Microanal. (1)

C. E. Miller, R. P. Thompson, M. R. Bigelow, G. Gittinger, T. C. Trusk, and D. Sedmera, “Confocal imaging of the embryonic heart: how deep?” Microsc. Microanal. 11(3), 216–223 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods (1)

J. Schindelin, I. Arganda-Carreras, E. Frise, V. Kaynig, M. Longair, T. Pietzsch, S. Preibisch, C. Rueden, S. Saalfeld, B. Schmid, J.-Y. Tinevez, D. J. White, V. Hartenstein, K. Eliceiri, P. Tomancak, and A. Cardona, “Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis,” Nat. Methods 9(7), 676–682 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Protoc. (2)

T. Ichikawa, K. Nakazato, P. J. Keller, H. Kajiura-Kobayashi, E. H. K. Stelzer, A. Mochizuki, and S. Nonaka, “Live imaging and quantitative analysis of gastrulation in mouse embryos using light-sheet microscopy and 3D tracking tools,” Nat. Protoc. 9(3), 575–585 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Leong, N. F. Steinmetz, A. Ablack, G. Destito, A. Zijlstra, H. Stuhlmann, M. Manchester, and J. D. Lewis, “Intravital imaging of embryonic and tumor neovasculature using viral nanoparticles,” Nat. Protoc. 5(8), 1406–1417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Liu, N. Schmitner, M. G. Sandrian, B. Zabihian, B. Hermann, W. Salvenmoser, D. Meyer, and W. Drexler, “In vivo spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography imaging of a far red fluorescent protein expressed in the exocrine panreas of adult zebrafish,” Proc. SPIE 8943, 142 (2014).

Science (1)

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

W. Drexler and F. G. James, Optical Coherence Tomography, Technology and Applications (Springer, 2008).

“American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers,” American National Standards Institute ANSI Z136.1 (2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the dual modality OCT/PAT system. DAQ: data acquisition device; Ct: counter; PD: photodiode; AC & DC: the two output channels of the transimpedance amplifier using the PD; Ref.: reference; AI: analog input; AO: analog output; FPI: Fabry-Perot interferometer; FM: flip mirror; DBD: dual balanced detector. Adapted from [23].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photo illustration of the OCT/PAT scanning unit. I: idler output from the OPO; S: signal output from the OPO; SM: spherical mirror; X: x-axis galvanometer scanning mirror; Y: y-axis galvanometer scanning mirror; O: objective scan lens.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 MIP images of OCT (upper row), PAT (middle row) and HREM slices (lower row) for stage HH21, HH27 and HH29 embryos (from left to right). Sc: spinal cord; A: atrium; V: ventricle; MV: midbrain vesicles; LL: lower limb; UL: upper limb; DA: dorsal aorta; PAAs: pharyngeal arch arteries, HV: hindbrain vesicles; O: optic vesicle; R: retina; So: somites; Am: amnion. Scale bar = 1 mm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Two slices of each embryo at various depths (indicated in lower left corner). (a) & (d): stage HH21; (b) & (e): stage HH27; (c) & (f): stage HH29. OCT result displayed in gray scale while PAT result displayed in red. A: atrium; V: ventricle; MV: midbrain vesicles; DA: dorsal aorta; PAAs: pharyngeal arch arteries; R: retina; UL: upper limb; LL: lower limb; P: “pupil” and lens. Scale bar = 1 mm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a-c): volume display of OCT(gray)/PAT(red) dual modality imaging of the chick embryos of stages HH21, HH27 and HH29, respectively. (d-f): PAT volume displays with eye, atrium, ventricle and blood vessels in false colors for the same embryos as in (a-c). (g-i): HREM volume displays of the blood vessels of the three embryos. PAAs: pharyngeal arch arteries; ICA: internal carotid artery; sA: segmental arteries, VV: vitelline vessels; Ao: ascending aorta; PT: pulmonary trunk; CCA: common carotid arteries; A: atrium; V: ventricle; R(l&r): (left & right) pigmented layer of retina.

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