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An Efficient Implementation of Optical ScanningHolography in Cancelable Biometrics

Applied Optics
  • Fathi Abd El-Samie, rana melegy, Mohamed Safan, Mohamed Abdelhamed, Ashraf Khalaf, Ghada ELBANBY, Osama Zahran, El-Sayed El-Rabaie, Abd Naser Mohamed, Ibrahim El-Dokany, HOSSAM EL DIN HUSSEIN, Saied El-Khamy, Noha Ramadan, Randa Soliman, and walid El-Shafai
  • received 11/27/2020; accepted 02/15/2021; posted 02/16/2021; Doc. ID 415523
  • Abstract: This paper presents a new trend in biometric security systems that is the cancelable multi-biometrics. In general, traditional biometricsystems, depend on a single biometric for identification. These traditional systems are subject to different types of attacks. In addition, biometricsignature can be lost. In case of intrusion, biometric signatures can be stolen forever. To reduce the risk of losing biometric signatures, the trendof cancelable biometrics has evolved by using either deformed or encrypted versions of the biometrics for verification. In this paper, severalbiometric traits for the same person are treated to obtain a single cancelable template. First of all, Optical Scanning Holography (OSH) is appliedin the acquisition of each biometric. The resulting outputs are compressed simultaneously to generate a unified template based on the energycompaction property of the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT). Hence, OSH is used in the proposed approach as a tool to generate deformedversions of human biometrics in order to get the unified biometric template through DCT compression. With this approach, we guarantee thepossibility of using multiple biometrics of the same user to increase security and the security of the new biometric template through theutilization of the OSH. Simulation results prove the robustness of the proposed cancelable multi-biometric system in noisy environments.
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