Abstract

A high-throughput optical system possesses a large field of view (FOV) and high resolution. However, it is a major challenge to design such a telescope with these two conflicting specifications. In this paper, we propose a method to design a high-throughput telescope based on the classical off-axis three-mirror anastigmat (TMA) configuration by introducing a scanning mechanism. We derive the optimum initial design for the TMA system with no primary aberrations through characteristic ray tracing. During the design process, a real exit pupil is necessitated to accommodate the scanning mirror. By gradually increasing the system’s FOV during the optimization procedure, we finally obtained a high-throughput telescope design with an F-number of 6, a FOV of ${{6}}{{{0}}^ \circ} \times {{1}}{\rm{.}}{{{5}}^ \circ}$, and a long focal length of 876 mm. In addition, a tolerance analysis is also conducted to demonstrate the instrumentation feasibility. We believe that this kind of large rectangle FOV telescope with high resolution has broad future applications in the optical remote sensing field.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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