Abstract

A compact silicon-based cross-slot waveguide (CSW) polarization beam splitter (PBS) utilizing a sandwich-type coupler is proposed. The coupler consists of two identical CSWs separated by a horizontal slot waveguide (HSW), and S-bend sections at each end of the coupling section are introduced to decouple and separate the light. Owing to the strong birefringence of the HSW, the coupling length ratio between two different polarized modes (TE and TM) is adjustable in a suitable range by simply changing the gap width between the CSW and the HSW. The coupling length of the TM mode can be easily made half of that of the TE mode with a proper gap width, which is a favorable condition to realize a short PBS. Then, by making the length of the coupling section equal to the coupling length of the TE mode, the TE and TM modes are split. The PBS has the advantages of a small footprint and a high polarization extinction ratio (PER) and may be useful in the polarization management of a CSW-based on-chip optical system. Numerical results indicate that a PBS of ${\sim}{12}\;\unicode{x00B5} {\rm m}$ with an insertion loss (IL) of 0.17 (0.53) dB, PER of 24.12 (21.14) dB for the TM (TE) mode is achieved at the wavelength of 1.55 µm, with a bandwidth covering the full C band for keeping ${\rm PER}\; \gt \;{15}\;{\rm dB}$ and ${\rm IL}\; \lt \;{1}\;{\rm dB}$.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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