Abstract

For an accurate modeling of natural rainbows, it is necessary to take into account the flattened shape of falling raindrops. Larger drops do also oscillate, and their axes exhibit tilt angles with respect to the vertical. In this paper, I will discuss two rare rainbow phenomena that are influenced by these effects: bright spots belonging to various rainbow orders, but appearing at remarkable angular distances from their traditional locations, as well as triple-split primary rainbows. While the former have not been observed in nature so far, the latter have been documented in a few photographs. This paper presents simulations based on natural drop size distributions using both a geometric optical model, as well as numerically calculated Möbius shifts applied to Debye series data.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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