Abstract

Monomer diffusion models are important in describing the formation mechanism of the volume holographic grating in photopolymers. The most representative of these models is the first-order diffusion model, which neglects the influence of the exposure intensity threshold and dissolved oxygen in a polymer. This model causes a significant deviation between the theoretical simulation and the experimental results. Therefore, we propose a modified monomer diffusion model, which is more consistent with experimental results on refractive index modulation than other models.

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