Abstract

A bilayer asymmetric photonic crystal slab made of porous Si3N4/SiO2 is designed as a biosensor by considering the optical performance of this photonic crystal slab with a square lattice based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis theory and wavelength interrogation methods. The results show that this bilayer asymmetric photonic crystal can be used as a biosensor according to its excellent linearity relationship between the guided resonance peak shift and refractive index of aqueous solution with or without glycerol. The theoretical sensitivity value of the bilayer asymmetric photonic crystal biosensor is achieved as (S>286nm/RIU) in the wavelength range from 1400 nm to 1600 nm. These results also indicate that the asymmetry bilayer structure has an important influence on its optical characteristic and sensitivity of the bilayer photonic crystal biosensor, and hence, it can be modified by changing the lattice constant and slab thickness. This research paper is very useful for understanding the application and design of biosensors based on porous structures.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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