Abstract

The enhanced and broadened fluorescence of ZnSe quantum dots (QDs) were studied by using a fluorescence energy transfer system (FETS) of ZnSe QDs and gold nanoparticles (NPs). The FETS were prepared via uniformly dispersing the gold nanoparticles into ZnSe QD solution in the condition of magnetic stirring. Enhanced and broadened fluorescence was observed on the film of the FETS due to the transfer of photo-generated carriers between the ZnSe QDs and the gold NPs, instead of the surface plasma resonance effect. The excitonic and enhanced fluorescence on the FETS film depended on the competition of electron-hole recombination and electron transfer from the ZnSe QDs to the gold NPs. In addition, because of the excitonic fluorescence of the ZnSe QDs absorbed by the gold NPs, the electrons of the s-p band of the gold NPs were further increased to facilitate its energy level shift toward the conduction band of the ZnSe QDs in order to create a blueshift in the enhanced fluorescence. This enhanced and broadened fluorescence method can be applied for controlling fluorescence in photoelectric detection, photodiodes, lightshows, and sensor devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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