Abstract

The concept and the implementation of a compact and simplified echelle spectrometer are presented, and the working principle is demonstrated by first experimental measurements. The crucial element of the setup is a cross-grating, combining an echelle grating utilizing several higher diffraction orders (5th up to 11th) and a superposed perpendicular-oriented cross-dispersing grating. Two alternative manufacturing approaches for the cross-grating are presented and discussed. The first approach combines Talbot lithography for the deep echelle grating and interference lithography for the cross-dispersing structure. As a second approach, direct laser-beam writing was applied. The compact echelle spectrometer covers a spectral range from 380 to 700 nm and offers a spectral resolution of 2  nm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2014 (2)

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Thomae, J. Maaß, O. Sandfuchs, A. Gatto, and R. Brunner, “Flexible mask illumination setup for serial multipatterning in Talbot lithography,” Appl. Opt. 53, 1775–1781 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Amorim, A.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Avila, G.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Benz, W.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, R. A.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bigelow, B. C.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bochanski, J. J.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bonifacio, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Brunner, R.

Buchhave, L.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burgasser, A. J.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Burkhardt, M.

R. Brunner, M. Burkhardt, N. Correns, and K. Rudolf, “Microspectrometer based on holographically recorded diffractive elements using supplementary holograms,” Opt. Express 16, 12239–12250 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Cabral, A.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Carvas, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Cirami, R.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Coelho, J.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Comari, M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Coretti, I.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Correns, N.

Cristiani, S.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

D’Odorico, V.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

De Caprio, V.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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de Cuyper, J.-P.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Degroote, P.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Dekker, H.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Delabre, B.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Di Marcantonio, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Dubosson, R.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Dumortier, L.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Erdmann, L.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Eversberg, T.

T. Eversberg and K. Vollmann, “Fundamentals of Echelle spectroscopy,” in Spectroscopic Instrumentation: Fundamentals and Guidelines for Astronomers (Springer, 2015), pp. 193–227.

Fechner, R.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Fishner, J.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
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Fleury, M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Forrest, W.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
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Frandsen, S.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
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Frémat, Y.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Frost, F.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Gandolfi, D.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
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García, R.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Gatto, A.

D. Thomae, J. Maaß, O. Sandfuchs, A. Gatto, and R. Brunner, “Flexible mask illumination setup for serial multipatterning in Talbot lithography,” Appl. Opt. 53, 1775–1781 (2014).
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M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Hensberge, H.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Herreros Linares, J. M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Hughes, I.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Hutley, M. C.

M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, 1982).

Iwert, O.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Jekeli, C.

C. Jekeli, Spectral Methods in Geodesy and Geophysics (CRC Press, 2017).

Jorissen, A.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Laux, U.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Lehmann, H.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Lima, J.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Lindberg, B.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
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Lizon, J.-L.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Lo Curto, G.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Loewen, E. G.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, “Instrumental systems,” in Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1997), pp. 437–480.

Lovis, C.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Maaß, J.

Manescau, A.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Martins, C.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

McMurtry, C.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mégevand, D.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Michaud, B.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moitinho, A.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Molaro, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Monteiro, M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Mordasini, C.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Morren, J.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pasquini, L.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Pepe, A.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Perez Padilla, J.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Pessemier, W.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Pipher, J. L.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
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Popov, E.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, “Instrumental systems,” in Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1997), pp. 437–480.

Posudin, Y. I.

Y. I. Posudin, Practical Spectroscopy in Agriculture and Food Science (Science, 2007).

Prins, S.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
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G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
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Queloz, D.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Rasilla, J. L.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Raskin, G.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rebolo Lopez, R.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Rebordão, J. M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Rudolf, K.

Sandfuchs, O.

D. Thomae, J. Maaß, O. Sandfuchs, A. Gatto, and R. Brunner, “Flexible mask illumination setup for serial multipatterning in Talbot lithography,” Appl. Opt. 53, 1775–1781 (2014).
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M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

SantanaTschudi, S.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Santin, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Santos, N. C.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
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Schechter, P. L.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
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Schindler, A.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Simcoe, R. A.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
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Sinzinger, S.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Smith, M. J.

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Smolders, K.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sosnowska, D.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Spanò, P.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Steiner, R.

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

Stempels, H. C.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Telting, J. H.

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tenegi, F.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Thomae, D.

Udry, S.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

van Eck, S.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

van Winckel, H.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vanzella, E.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Viel, M.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Vollmann, K.

T. Eversberg and K. Vollmann, “Fundamentals of Echelle spectroscopy,” in Spectroscopic Instrumentation: Fundamentals and Guidelines for Astronomers (Springer, 2015), pp. 193–227.

Waelkens, C.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Winkler, J.

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zapatero Osorio, M. R.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Zerbi, F.

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

G. Raskin, H. van Winckel, H. Hensberge, A. Jorissen, H. Lehmann, C. Waelkens, G. Avila, J.-P. de Cuyper, P. Degroote, R. Dubosson, L. Dumortier, Y. Frémat, U. Laux, B. Michaud, J. Morren, J. Perez Padilla, W. Pessemier, S. Prins, K. Smolders, S. van Eck, and J. Winkler., “HERMES: a high-resolution fibre-fed spectrograph for the Mercator telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 526, A69 (2011).
[Crossref]

Astron. Nachr. (1)

J. H. Telting, G. Avila, L. Buchhave, S. Frandsen, D. Gandolfi, B. Lindberg, H. C. Stempels, and S. Prins, “The high-resolution fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope,” Astron. Nachr. 335, 41–45 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Pepe, S. Cristiani, R. Rebolo Lopez, N. C. Santos, A. Amorim, G. Avila, W. Benz, P. Bonifacio, A. Cabral, P. Carvas, R. Cirami, J. Coelho, M. Comari, I. Coretti, V. De Caprio, H. Dekker, B. Delabre, P. Di Marcantonio, V. D’Odorico, M. Fleury, R. García, J. M. Herreros Linares, I. Hughes, O. Iwert, J. Lima, J.-L. Lizon, G. Lo Curto, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, C. Martins, D. Mégevand, A. Moitinho, P. Molaro, M. Monteiro, M. Monteiro, L. Pasquini, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, J. L. Rasilla, J. M. Rebordão, S. SantanaTschudi, P. Santin, D. Sosnowska, P. Spanò, F. Tenegi, S. Udry, E. Vanzella, M. Viel, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, and F. Zerbi, “ESPRESSO: the Echelle spectrograph for rocky exoplanets and stable spectroscopic observations,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350F (2010).
[Crossref]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

R. A. Simcoe, A. J. Burgasser, P. L. Schechter, J. Fishner, R. A. Bernstein, B. C. Bigelow, J. L. Pipher, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, M. J. Smith, and J. J. Bochanski, “FIRE: a facility class near-infrared Echelle spectrometer for the Magellan telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 125, 270–286 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (15)

T. Eversberg and K. Vollmann, “Fundamentals of Echelle spectroscopy,” in Spectroscopic Instrumentation: Fundamentals and Guidelines for Astronomers (Springer, 2015), pp. 193–227.

C. A. Roberts, J. Workman, and J. B. Reeves, eds., Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Agriculture, Vol. 44 of Agronomy (American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, 2004).

Y. I. Posudin, Practical Spectroscopy in Agriculture and Food Science (Science, 2007).

C. Jekeli, Spectral Methods in Geodesy and Geophysics (CRC Press, 2017).

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, “Instrumental systems,” in Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1997), pp. 437–480.

https://www.zemax.com .

V. A. Soĭfer, ed. “Computer Design of Diffractive Optics,” in Diffraction on Two-Dimensional Dielectric Gratings (Woodhead Publishing, 2013).

https://www.thorlabs.com/ .

https://www.1stvision.com/cameras/AVT/dataman/Manta_DataSheet_G032.pdf .

https://www.microchemicals.com/products/photoresists/az_1518.html .

M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, 1982).

http://www.ondax.com/ .

http://www.prolightopto.com/ .

M. Burkhardt, R. Fechner, L. Erdmann, F. Frost, R. Steiner, O. Sandfuchs, A. Schindler, A. Gatto, and S. Sinzinger, “Imaging gratings with modulated blaze—realized by a combination of holography and reactive ion beam etching,” in DGaO-Proc, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 2012, p. 113, A3.

https://www.himt.de/files/Factsheet%20Download/HIMT%20Fact%20Sheet%20DWL%20Series.pdf .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Two cross sections showing the optical design of the echelle spectrometer employing a cross-grating. (a) View of the horizontal plane: The parallelized ray-bundle coming from the collimator is directed onto the two-dimensional cross-grating and is diffracted simultaneously in two orthogonal directions. The main echelle structure decomposes the light in the direction of the drawing plane. (b) Vertical cross section of the final part of the spectrometer, ranging from cross-grating to the two-dimensional detector. The cross-dispersing grating is oriented perpendicular to the echelle structure and causes a dispersion perpendicular to the drawing plane.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Calculated spots in the detector plane. In (a) the lateral axes correlate to the dimensions of the entire sensor chip. Each of the line series represents the spots of a specific echelle order (5th to the 11th echelle diffraction order). The 5th diffraction order includes the spectral interval from 690 to 700 nm; the 9th diffraction order ranges from 380 to 410 nm. (b)–(e) Show magnified image sections of the 5th and 11th order. The resolution improves by tilting the detector plane; (c) and (e) compared to a nontilted detector orientation in (b) and (d).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Profile of the cross-grating manufactured by combining Talbot lithography and IL. (a) Microscopy image (DIC); (b) profile cross sections measured by AFM. The echelle grating shows a blazed profile with a height of 1.4 μm. The cross-dispersing grating has a height of 120 nm at the top and 75 nm at the bottom of the echelle grating. The location of the cross section in (b) is indicated by accordingly colored lines in (a). The arrows in (b) label profile height measurement positions.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. AFM profile of a cross-grating manufactured by direct laser-beam writing; (a) three-dimensional representation of a 30    μm × 30    μm surface area. (b) The echelle structure has a periodicity of 10 μm and a depth of 1.57 μm. (c) The cross-dispersing grating also exhibits a blazed form with 5 μm periodicity and 140 nm depth. The arrows in (b) indicate profile height measurement positions.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Measured continuous spectra of a white LED for the two gratings manufactured by (a) Talbot and interference lithography and (b) by direct laser-beam writing. The well-separated higher diffraction orders are accordingly labeled. (c) Shows a vertical cross section of the diffraction orders of the direct written grating illustrating the occurrence of grating ghosts [the red line in (b) indicates the position of the shown cross section].
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Measured diffraction patterns of spectral lamps. The shortest measured wavelength was the 388.9 nm He line (11th and 10th order). From a detailed view on the 7th echelle order, a resolution of smaller than 2 nm can be derived. The main dispersion orders are labeled with arrows.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Profile Height of the Produced Gratings Measured with AFM

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