Abstract

As mobile payments become increasingly popular, the security of the transaction process should be taken more seriously. Many mobile phones are equipped with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) cameras, which can be used as visible light communication (VLC) receivers. An optical camera communication (OCC) system is a special VLC system that uses an optical camera as a receiver. OCC offers acceptable security, but challenges remain. In this paper, we propose an OCC system that uses an optical camera with a rolling shutter as a receiver and a light-emitting diode (LED) panel light as a transmitter. The feature of an LED panel light serving as a surface light source reduces the possibility of overexposure and avoids the blooming effect of the camera. The rolling shutter effect of the CMOS camera is used to increase the data rate, which is numerically much higher than the frame rate. Finally, the results of a symbol error rate (SER) test show that the VLC system exhibits error-free performance. The data rate is approximately 4.2 kb/s, while the net data rate is approximately 2.46 kb/s due to the redundancy of the 3-9 code bar code and the redundant cycle. This data rate is sufficient for mobile payments, which require only 60 bits of data at a time.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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