Abstract

Higher spatial resolution indicates sharper recognition ability in applications. To improve the spatial resolution of volume Bragg grating spectral imagers, quantitative wave vector theory is used to elucidate the formation mechanism of diffraction blur, and the corresponding optimal design approaches are put forward. The simulation results show that the main factors for the spectral image blur are the chromatic blur and diffraction aberration, while the central wavelength deviation further deteriorates these. To deal with these factors, one must optimize the grating period, thickness, slant angle, and refractive index, as well as compress the divergence angle of the incident beam. After optimization under the guidance of the newly defined integrated merit functions, the experimental results show that the optimized smeared point-spread function is reduced by about an order of magnitude. The horizontal spatial resolution of the recorded two-dimensional monochromatic images is improved to 14.3 lines/mm under diffuse reflection illumination.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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