Abstract

We demonstrate the fabrication of InGaN/GaN stripe-shaped light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in flip-chip packaging (FC-LED) and vertically mounted packaging (VM-LED). Compared to conventionally packaged LEDs, these packaging schemes enhance light output and emission divergence in ways favorable for general lighting applications. The FC-LED can sustain efficiency at high current operations due to effective heat sinking, while the VM-LED excels at light extraction efficiency due to the exposure of two large emission surfaces. Together with the properties of low luminous exitance and emission uniformity, the stripe-shaped LEDs are ideal for the assembly of luminaires. An LED light tube comprising a continuous linear array of 10 stripe-shaped LED chips has been assembled. The optical performance of the light tube is compared to another light tube assembled with conventional square-shaped LED chips (with and without external diffuser) by confocal microscopy. It is found that emission uniformity of the stripe-shaped LED tube is significantly improved, with a threefold increase in illumination area, without efficiency loss associated with diffusers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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