Abstract

We proposed a method of eliminating the bending-induced retardation of a plastic film by coating it with a polymer layer with an opposite birefringence. We coated a polystyrene (PS) or a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) layer on a polycarbonate (PC) plastic film. The bare PC film is composed of main-chain-type polymers and showed an increase in retardation with bending. The main-chains of the PC polymer are reoriented along the circular arc direction during bending, resulting in a positive birefringence. In contrast, the 11 wt. % PS-coated and the 19 wt. % PMMA-coated PC films showed minimal change in the retardation regardless of the radius of curvature. The PS and the PMMA polymers are of the side-chain-type, and the side-chains were aligned perpendicular to the circular arc direction during bending, resulting in a negative birefringence. Consequently, the bending-induced retardation of the PC film can be compensated by the PS or the PMMA layer during bending of the film. This method of compensating for the bending-induced retardation of the plastic film can be useful for flexible display applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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