In order to process large-aperture aspherical mirrors, we designed and constructed a tri-station machine processing center with a three station device, which bears vectored feed motion of up to 10 axes. Based on this processing center, an aspherical mirror-processing model is proposed, in which each station implements traversal processing of large-aperture aspherical mirrors using only two axes, while the stations are switchable, thus lowering cost and enhancing processing efficiency. The applicability of the tri-station machine is also analyzed. At the same time, a simple and efficient zero-calibration method for processing is proposed. To validate the processing model, using our processing center, we processed an off-axis parabolic SiC mirror with an aperture diameter of 1450 mm. The experimental results indicate that, with a one-step iterative process, the peak to valley (PV) and root mean square (RMS) of the mirror converged from 3.441 and 0.5203 μm to 2.637 and 0.2962 μm, respectively, where the RMS reduced by 43%. The validity and high accuracy of the model are thereby demonstrated.
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