Abstract

The convergence characteristics of the previously proposed concentric-circular focusing grating coupler (CFGC) are analyzed, and aberration functions for such typical errors as wavelength errors, effective index errors, grating pattern distortion, and CFGC eccentricity are derived for evaluation of their allowances. The analyzed results prove that the Strehl intensity deterioration caused by a wavelength error and an effective index offset can be minimized by optimization of the annular aperture of the CFGC. In the case of Marechal’s criterion, a wavelength error of ±8.6% at the annular aperture of NA = 0.440–0.607 and an effective index error of ±20.4% at NA = 0.500–0.652 are permissible, and these values are ~100 times greater than those that are seen in a conventional focusing grating coupler that has a rotationally asymmetrical structure with respect to its optical axis.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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