Abstract

An optical method for multiplication of moiré fringes is proposed to increase the sensitivity of moiré interferometry. The process involves two recording steps. In the first step, a traditional moiré interferometry setup is used. The moiré pattern containing carrier fringes and load fringes is recorded onto a glass-based holographic plate. The carrier frequency is much lower than that of the original specimen grating. The plate is then developed. In the second step, the holographic plate, regarded as a distorted specimen grating, is further examined by a similar moiré interferometry system. The frequency of the second virtual grating is arranged to be 2n times that of the carrier fringes contained in the recorded plate. As a result, the load fringes are revealed with a multiplication factor of 2n. The interpretation of the optical multiplication method from wave-front interference theory is given and an experiment is conducted.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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