Abstract

Using computer simulations, we investigate the performance of a minimum-mean-square-error filter for input-scene noise that is spatially nonoverlapping (disjoint) with a target for a limited set of images. Different input-scene-noise statistics are used to test the filter performance. We show that in the presence of spatially nonoverlapping target and input-scene noise, the output of the minimum-mean-square-error filter has a well-defined correlation peak, small sidelobes, and a high peak-to-correlation-energy ratio compared with other widely used filters such as the classical matched filter, the phase-only filter, and the inverse filter. We also test the robustness of the minimum-mean-square-error filter to errors in noise statistics used in the filter design. We show that, for the images tested here, the performance of the minimum-mean-square-error filter is not sensitive to errors in noise statistics and the filter can detect the target even if a considerable error exists. The discrimination capability and the illumination sensitivity of the minimum-mean-square-error filter are also tested.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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