Abstract

The measured conversion efficiencies at 9.89, 23.6, 44.7, and 160 Å of P45 phosphor screens, as well as those of paraterphenyl, tetraphenyl butadiene, and sodium salicylate at 9.89, 44.7, and 67.6 Å, are presented. The conversion efficiency is defined as the ratio of photoelectrons ejected from the photocathode of a visible detector, which are excited by the scintillated photons that are emitted from the phosphor in a solid angle of 2π, to the number of soft-x-ray photons incident on the phosphor. The effect of the phosphor’s thickness on the conversion efficiency was studied. The P45 phosphor converts the soft-x-ray photon (10–200 Å) into an order of magnitude more visible photons than the low-Z phosphors. The P45 phosphor screen used in conjunction with a photomultiplier tube offers a soft-x-ray photodetector with a conversion efficiency that ranges from 0.5 at 160 Å to 12 at 9.89 Å and a high electronic gain.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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