Abstract

A single optical-fiber absorbance sensor that contains a graded-index lens is described. The sensor can be tailored for a desired broad wavelength region, path length, and size. Laboratory evaluations of sensors of varying sizes and path lengths are presented. The sensors, even without the added expense of optical coatings, report true absorbance spectra for the 420–850-nm wavelength region with a linear response over a wide absorbance range. Direct comparison with several other sensor configurations shows that the graded-index-lens-based sensor has a high optical efficiency. Potential applications of the sensor include absorbance measurements at hazardous or remote sites and in vivo medical applications.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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