Abstract

Two supplementary methods for time-dependent droplet sizing, both based on the spectral dependence of light extinction, are applied to an adiabatically expanding vapor in which droplets are formed as a result of heterogeneous condensation. First, by measuring the extinction coefficients at three different wavelengths, we obtain time-dependent values of the modal radius, the size variance, and the droplet number density, with a typical time resolution of 1 μs. The shape of the size-distribution function is investigated by a second method. Using a white-light source in combination with a spectrometer and a CCD array, we obtain the full visible light attenuation spectrum with a time resolution of 1.5 ms. By applying an inversion technique based on trial size distributions, we find that the zeroth-order log-normal distribution describes the fog adequately. Both methods yield the same droplet growth curves and droplet number densities.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Empirical relationships between extinction coefficient and visibility in fog

Roberto Nebuloni
Appl. Opt. 44(18) 3795-3804 (2005)

Extinction-sedimentation inversion technique for measuring size distribution of artificial fogs

Adarsh Deepak and O. H. Vaughan
Appl. Opt. 17(3) 374-378 (1978)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (11)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription