Abstract

A new type of differential interferometer based on holographic optical elements is developed which allows a refractive index gradient field to be determined in two orthogonal directions obtained sequentially with a PLZT electrooptic modulator. The sign of the gradient is unequivocally determined by using a reference fringe pattern added to the interferogram. The sensitivity of the device is easily adjustable by changing the position of only one optical component.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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