Abstract

Visual increment thresholds measured on backgrounds flashed on simultaneously with the test flash exhibit saturation rather than following Weber’s law. These flash-on-flash thresholds have been modeled with saturating nonlinearities similar to those used to describe intensity-response functions of retinal neurons. Recently, the flash-on-flash technique has been used to assess the mechanisms of threshold elevations in visual system diseases. However, the results were interpreted in a qualitative way. This paper extends the clinical application of flash-on-flash threshold measures by providing a theoretically derived algorithm for estimating nonlinear model parameters from flash-on-flash threshold data. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated with Monte Carlo techniques, and the theoretical interpretations of the model parameters are tested experimentally. Published clinical flash-on-flash threshold data are reanalyzed using the algorithm. A previously unappreciated decrease in the half-saturation constant of retinitis pigmentosa patients was revealed by this analysis.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Saturation of rod-initiated signals in 2-month-old human infants

Angela M. Brown
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5(12) 2145-2158 (1988)

Blue (S) cone pathway vulnerability: a test of a fragile receptor hypothesis

Donald C. Hood and Vivienne C. Greenstein
Appl. Opt. 27(6) 1025-1029 (1988)

Rod increment thresholds in cone-rod dystrophy

David W. Yates, Deborah J. Derlacki, David R. Pepperberg, Kenneth R. Alexander, and Gerald A. Fishman
Appl. Opt. 28(6) 1115-1121 (1989)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (14)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (15)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription