Abstract

A new instrument for the measurement of atmospheric extinction coefficient—the Point Visibility Meter (PVM)—is introduced and its principle of operation discussed. The instrument measures the amount of light scattered at a particular forward scattering angle by haze or fog; the extinction coefficient σ is then found from the empirical law relating σ to the scatter at this angle. Detailed calculations of aerosol scattering properties using Mie theory are given to support this empirical law. Error estimates based on these calculations indicate rms errors of less than ±12% for a range of σ values 2–60 km−1. Field trials of the instrument against standard transmissometers confirm these theoretical findings and show a linearity of instrumental output with extinction coefficient, with an rms error of ±11.7%.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Forward-scatter meter for estimating 10.6-μm aerosol extinction

H. Gerber
Appl. Opt. 26(3) 539-544 (1987)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (8)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (8)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription