Abstract

A study was made of the use of a CO2 laser for producing a hemispherical lens at the end of a fiber. When the fiber end is heated to the softening points of the material, it tends to become spherical in shape due to surface tension. A one-dimensional heat conduction model for the fiber can reasonably predict the required laser power for a given pulse length to produce lenses on fibers made of various kinds of materials. A He–Ne laser beam was coupled into a fiber to investigate the properties of the spherical lens. We also observed that such lens can couple light from a source into the fiber, can be used for imaging, and can focus enough laser intensity for machining various materials.

© 1975 Optical Society of America

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