Abstract

We report the successful construction and testing of an optical wind sensor that uses the motion of the scintillation pattern to measure the transverse component of wind blowing across a laser beam. As is done for measuring ionospheric and interplanetary winds, we use a correlation method. However, in our application, the slope at zero lag of the time-lagged correlogram proves to be more useful than the more commonly used delay to the peak. The reason is that, in the atmosphere, irregularities are distributed along the entire propagation path. We use a detector spacing of 0.33 of the diameter of the first Fresnel zone to obtain a nearly uniform weighting function along the path, though the center of the path is still more effective than the ends. The sensor has been used extensively over 1-km and 15-km paths, and field tests of various applications are planned.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

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