We present a method for determining the energy of the forbidden S1 state of carotenoids, on the basis of ultrafast spectroscopy. Application to the biologically relevant carotenoid spheroidene is made at room and low temperature.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

PDF Article


You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription