Ultra-low loss fibers, enabled by reduced Rayleigh scattering, benefit the submarine transmission by reducing the number of repeaters and improving the spectral efficiency. They are also applicable to capacity expansion by spatial division multiplexing.
© 2017 Optical Society of America
You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.
Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription